Special Issue

Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 227-239

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

A shallow subsurface controlled release facility in Bozeman, Montana, USA, for testing near surface CO2 detection techniques and transport models

  • Lee H. SpanglerAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Montana State University Email author 
  • , Laura M. DobeckAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Montana State University
  • , Kevin S. RepaskyAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Montana State University
  • , Amin R. NehrirAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Montana State University
  • , Seth D. HumphriesAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Montana State University
  • , Jamie L. BarrAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Montana State University
  • , Charlie J. KeithAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Montana State University
  • , Joseph A. ShawAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Montana State University
  • , Joshua H. RouseAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Montana State University
    • , Alfred B. CunninghamAffiliated withDepartment of Civil Engineering, Montana State University
    • , Sally M. BensonAffiliated withGlobal Climate and Energy Project, Stanford University
    • , Curtis M. OldenburgAffiliated withEarth Sciences Division, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , Jennifer L. LewickiAffiliated withEarth Sciences Division, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , Arthur W. WellsAffiliated withEnvironmental Science Division, National Energy Technology Laboratory
    • , J. Rodney DiehlAffiliated withEnvironmental Science Division, National Energy Technology Laboratory
    • , Brian R. StrazisarAffiliated withEnvironmental Science Division, National Energy Technology Laboratory
    • , Julianna E. FessendenAffiliated withDivision of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Los Alamos National Laboratory
    • , Thom A. RahnAffiliated withDivision of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Los Alamos National Laboratory
    • , James E. AmonetteAffiliated withPacific Northwest National Laboratory
    • , Jon L. BarrAffiliated withPacific Northwest National Laboratory
    • , William L. PicklesAffiliated withEarth and Planetary Sciences, University of California-Santa Cruz
    • , James D. JacobsonAffiliated withEarth and Planetary Sciences, University of California-Santa Cruz
    • , Eli A. SilverAffiliated withEarth and Planetary Sciences, University of California-Santa Cruz
    • , Erin J. MaleAffiliated withEarth and Planetary Sciences, University of California-Santa Cruz
    • , Henry W. RauchAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Montana State UniversityDepartment of Geology and Geography, University of West Virginia
    • , Kadie S. GullicksonAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Montana State University
    • , Robert TrautzAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Montana State UniversityElectrical Power Research Institute
    • , Yousif KharakaAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Montana State UniversityU.S. Geological Survey
    • , Jens BirkholzerAffiliated withEarth Sciences Division, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    • , Lucien WielopolskiAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Montana State UniversityDepartment of Environmental Science, Brookhaven National Laboratory

Abstract

A controlled field pilot has been developed in Bozeman, Montana, USA, to study near surface CO2 transport and detection technologies. A slotted horizontal well divided into six zones was installed in the shallow subsurface. The scale and CO2 release rates were chosen to be relevant to developing monitoring strategies for geological carbon storage. The field site was characterized before injection, and CO2 transport and concentrations in saturated soil and the vadose zone were modeled. Controlled releases of CO2 from the horizontal well were performed in the summers of 2007 and 2008, and collaborators from six national labs, three universities, and the U.S. Geological Survey investigated movement of CO2 through the soil, water, plants, and air with a wide range of near surface detection techniques. An overview of these results will be presented.

Keywords

Geological carbon sequestration Controlled release of carbon dioxide Transport models Near surface monitoring Eddy covariance Hyperspectral imaging