International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 224–233

Associations of Dispositional Mindfulness with Obesity and Central Adiposity: the New England Family Study

  • Eric B. Loucks
  • Willoughby B. Britton
  • Chanelle J. Howe
  • Roee Gutman
  • Stephen E. Gilman
  • Judson Brewer
  • Charles B. Eaton
  • Stephen L. Buka
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12529-015-9513-z

Cite this article as:
Loucks, E.B., Britton, W.B., Howe, C.J. et al. Int.J. Behav. Med. (2016) 23: 224. doi:10.1007/s12529-015-9513-z

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate whether dispositional mindfulness (defined as the ability to attend nonjudgmentally to one’s own physical and mental processes) is associated with obesity and central adiposity.

Methods

Study participants (n = 394) were from the New England Family Study, a prospective birth cohort, with median age 47 years. Dispositional mindfulness was assessed using the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). Central adiposity was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans with primary outcomes android fat mass and android/gynoid ratio. Obesity was defined as body mass index ≥30 kg/m2.

Results

Multivariable-adjusted regression analyses demonstrated that participants with low vs. high MAAS scores were more likely to be obese (prevalence ratio for obesity = 1.34 (95 % confidence limit (CL): 1.02, 1.77)), adjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, birth weight, childhood socioeconomic status, and childhood intelligence. Furthermore, participants with low vs. high MAAS level had a 448 (95 % CL 39, 857) g higher android fat mass and a 0.056 (95 % CL 0.003, 0.110) greater android/gynoid fat mass ratio. Prospective analyses demonstrated that participants who were not obese in childhood and became obese in adulthood (n = 154) had −0.21 (95 % CL −0.41, −0.01; p = 0.04) lower MAAS scores than participants who were not obese in childhood or adulthood (n = 203).

Conclusions

Dispositional mindfulness may be inversely associated with obesity and adiposity. Replication studies are needed to adequately establish whether low dispositional mindfulness is a risk factor for obesity and adiposity.

Keywords

MindfulnessObesityAdiposityEpidemiologyPrevention

Copyright information

© International Society of Behavioral Medicine 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric B. Loucks
    • 1
  • Willoughby B. Britton
    • 2
    • 3
  • Chanelle J. Howe
    • 1
  • Roee Gutman
    • 4
  • Stephen E. Gilman
    • 5
    • 6
  • Judson Brewer
    • 7
  • Charles B. Eaton
    • 1
    • 8
  • Stephen L. Buka
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EpidemiologyBrown University School of Public HealthProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.Department of Behavioral and Social SciencesBrown University School of Public HealthProvidenceUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and Human BehaviorBrown University Warren Alpert Medical SchoolProvidenceUSA
  4. 4.Department of BiostatisticsBrown University School of Public HealthProvidenceUSA
  5. 5.Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences and Department of EpidemiologyHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  6. 6.Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of PsychiatryBostonUSA
  7. 7.Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care and SocietyUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  8. 8.Department of Family MedicineBrown University Warren Alpert Medical SchoolProvidenceUSA