Nano Express

Nanoscale Research Letters

, Volume 2, Issue 11, pp 561-568

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Excitonic Transitions and Off-resonant Optical Limiting in CdS Quantum Dots Stabilized in a Synthetic Glue Matrix

  • Pushpa Ann KurianAffiliated withIndian Institute of Technology Madras
  • , C. VijayanAffiliated withIndian Institute of Technology Madras Email author 
  • , K. SathiyamoorthyAffiliated withIndian Institute of Technology Madras
  • , C. S. Suchand SandeepAffiliated withRaman Research Institute
  • , Reji PhilipAffiliated withRaman Research Institute

Abstract

Stable films containing CdS quantum dots of mean size 3.4 nm embedded in a solid host matrix are prepared using a room temperature chemical route of synthesis. CdS/synthetic glue nanocomposites are characterized using high resolution transmission electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis. Significant blue shift from the bulk absorption edge is observed in optical absorption as well as photoacoustic spectra indicating strong quantum confinement. The exciton transitions are better resolved in photoacoustic spectroscopy compared to optical absorption spectroscopy. We assign the first four bands observed in photoacoustic spectroscopy to 1s e –1s h , 1p e –1p h , 1d e –1d h and 2p e –2p h transitions using a non interacting particle model. Nonlinear absorption studies are done using z-scan technique with nanosecond pulses in the off resonant regime. The origin of optical limiting is predominantly two photon absorption mechanism.

Keywords

Exciton Nanomaterials Optical limiting Nonlinearity Photoacoustics