Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 15, Issue 12, pp 2205–2210

ERCP and Endoscopic Sphincterotomy (ES): A Safe and Definitive Management of Gallstone Pancreatitis with the Gallbladder Left In Situ

  • Mark Bignell
  • Matthew Dearing
  • Andrew Hindmarsh
  • Michael Rhodes
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11605-011-1729-x

Cite this article as:
Bignell, M., Dearing, M., Hindmarsh, A. et al. J Gastrointest Surg (2011) 15: 2205. doi:10.1007/s11605-011-1729-x

Abstract

Background and Aims

UK guidelines recommend that patients with gallstone pancreatitis have cholecystectomy within 2 weeks of their pancreatitis. A proportion of these are elderly with significant comorbidities rendering them high risk for general anaesthesia and surgery. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) may offer a safe alternative to cholecystectomy as definitive treatment in these patients.

Patients and Methods

A retrospective review of all cases of gallstone pancreatitis presenting between 1999 and 2009 was undertaken.

Results

One hundred one patients underwent ERCP and ES as a definitive treatment for gallstone pancreatitis with a median age of 78 years (range, 43–96 years) and a median American Society of Anesthesiologists grade of 2. Three patients died from pancreatitis despite successful ERCP. Eighty-nine patients were successfully treated with an ERCP alone, and 84 patients (94%) had no recurrence of pancreatitis with a mean follow-up of 41 months (±32 months, range 4–118 months). The total patient follow-up was 3,260 months. Twenty-seven patients (33%) died within the follow-up period of unrelated causes, explaining the lower than expected median follow-up. Five patients had a recurrence of pancreatitis during follow-up (6%).

Conclusion

ERCP with ES is a safe alternative to laparoscopic cholecystectomy to prevent further attacks of gallstone pancreatitis in high-risk surgical patients and the elderly.

Keywords

CholecystectomyPancreatitisGallstonesERCP and ES

Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Bignell
    • 1
  • Matthew Dearing
    • 1
  • Andrew Hindmarsh
    • 1
  • Michael Rhodes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of General SurgeryNorfolk and Norwich HospitalNorwichUK