Lichens as a potential natural source of bioactive compounds: a review
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- Shukla, V., Joshi, G.P. & Rawat, M.S.M. Phytochem Rev (2010) 9: 303. doi:10.1007/s11101-010-9189-6
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Biological activity of material whether known in folk medicine or observed in planned screening program has been the starting point in the drug research. The general pattern is the isolation of active principles, elucidation their structures, followed by attempts for modulation of its activity potential by chemical modification. Lichens are valuable plant resources and are used as medicine, food, fodder, perfume, spice, dyes and for miscellaneous purposes throughout the world. Lichens are well known for the diversity of secondary metabolites that they produce. Compounds isolated from various lichen species have been reported to display diverse biological activities. Here we review the medicinal efficacy of lichen substances, which intends to explore the pharmaceutical potential of lichen substances.