Baier, S. L., Mulholland, S. E., Tamura, R. F., & Turner, C. (2004). Income and education of the states of the United States: 1840–2000. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Working Paper No. 2004–31.
Barro, R. J., & Sala-i-Martin, X. (2004). Economic growth
. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Becker, G. S. (1962). Investment in human capital: A theoretical analysis. The Journal of Political Economy,
, 9–49. doi:10.1086/258724
Bell, M., Brunori, D., Green, R., Wolman, H., Cordes, J., & Qadir, T. (2005). State and local fiscal policy and economic growth and development. George Washington Institute of Public Policy Working Paper #26: prepared for the National Center for Real Estate Research, National Association of Realtors.
Bensi, M., Black, D., & Dowd, M. (2004). The educational/growth relationship: Evidence from real state panel data. Contemporary Economic Policy,
, 281–298. doi:10.1093/cep/byh020
Berry, D., & Kaserman, D. (1993). A diffusion model of long-run state economic development. Atlantic Economic Journal,
, 39–54. doi:10.1007/BF02302327
Bound, J., Groen, G., Kezdi, G. G., & Turner, S. (2004). Trade in university training: Cross-state variation in the production and stock of college-educated labor. Journal of Econometrics,
, 143–173. doi:10.1016/j.jeconom.2003.10.012
Brace, P. (1993). State government and economic performance
. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Bureau of Economic Analysis. (2007). Gross domestic product by state. Retrieved December 7, 2006, June 7, 2007 from http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/gsp
Burr, B. (2001). Review of the research on class size. Catalyst for Change,
, 13–16.Google Scholar
Card, D. E., & Krueger, A. B. (1992). Does school quality matter? The Journal of Political Economy,
, 1–40. doi:10.1086/261805
Chen, B., & Feng, Y. (2000). Determinants of economic growth in China: Private enterprise, education, and openness. China Economic Review,
, 1–15. doi:10.1016/S1043-951X(99)00014-0
Coulombe, S., & Tremblay, J. (2001). Human capital and convergence in Canada. Journal of Economic Studies Glasgow, Scotland,
, 154–180. doi:10.1108/EUM0000000005467
Crain, W. M. (2003). Volatile states: Institutions, policy, and the performance of American state economies
. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
Crihfield, J. B., Giertz, J. F., & Mehta, S. (1995). Economic growth in the American states: The end of convergence? The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance,
(Special issue), 551–577. doi:10.1016/1062-9769(95)90054-3
Crown, W. H., & Wheat, L. F. (1995). State per capita income convergence since 1950: Sharecropping’s demise and other influences. Journal of Regional Science,
, 527–552. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9787.1995.tb01292.x
Dholakia, R. R., & Harlam, B. (1994). Telecommunications and economic development: Econometric analysis of the US experience. Telecommunications Policy,
, 470–477. doi:10.1016/0308-5961(94)90015-9
Evans, S. F., & Oneal, J. R. (1995). The social returns to education: The effects on income of the fifty United States’ investment in human capital, 1963–1989. Unpublished manuscript, University of Alabama.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. (2007). Historic statistics on banking commercial banks reports. Retrieved June 14, 2007, from http://www2.fdic.gov/hsob/SelectRpt.asp?EntryTyp=10
Finkle, J. (2002). New economic development strategies for the states. Spectrum. The Journal of State Government, (Summer), 23–25.
Finn, J. D., Gerber, S. B., Achilles, C. M., & Boyd-Zaharias, J. (2001). The enduring effects of class size. Teacher College Board,
, 145–183. doi:10.1111/0161-4681.00112
Fisher, R. C. (1997). The effects of state and local public services on economic development. New England Economic Review, March/April, 53–82.
Fleming, T., Toutant, T., & Raptis, H. (2002). Class size and effects. Phi Delta Kappa Fastbacks,
, 7–34.Google Scholar
Galor, O., & Moav, O. (2000). Ability-based technological transition, wage inequality, and economic growth. The Quarterly Journal of Economics,
, 469–497. doi:10.1162/003355300554827
Garcia-Mila, T., & McGuire, T. J. (1992). The contribution of publicly provided inputs to states’ economies. Regional Science and Urban Economics,
, 229–241. doi:10.1016/0166-0462(92)90013-Q
Glass, G. V., & Smith, M. L. (1978). Meta-analysis of research on the relationship of class size and achievement
. San Francisco: Far West Laboratory for Educational Research and Development.Google Scholar
Goldin, C. D. (1998). America’s graduation from high school: The evolution and spread of secondary schooling in the twentieth century. The Journal of Economic History,
, 345–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldin, C., & Katz, L. (2001). The shaping of higher education in the United States and New England. Regional Review,
, 1–6.Google Scholar
Gonzalez-Paramo, J. M., & Martinez, D. (2003). Convergence across Spanish regions: New evidence on the effects of public investments. The Review of Regional Studies,
, 184–205.Google Scholar
Gramlich, E. M. (1994). Infrastructure investment: A review essay. Journal of Economic Literature,
, 1176–1196.Google Scholar
Gray, V., & Lowery, D. (1988). Interest group politics and economic growth in the US States. The American Political Science Review,
, 109–131. doi:10.2307/1958061
Green, S. B. (1991). How many subjects does it take to do a regression analysis? Multivariate Behavioral Research,
, 499–510. doi:10.1207/s15327906mbr2603_7
Hanushek, E. A. (1999). Some findings from an independent investigation of the Tennessee STAR experiment and from other investigations of class size effects. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis,
, 143–163.Google Scholar
Hanushek, E. A. (2003). The failure of input-based schooling policies. The Economic Journal,
, F64–F98. doi:10.1111/1468-0297.00099
Hanushek, E. A., Rivkin, S. G., & Taylor, L. L. (1996). Aggregation and the estimated effects of school resources. The Review of Economics and Statistics,
, 611–627. doi:10.2307/2109949
Heckman, J., Layne-Farrar, A., & Todd, P. (1996). Human capital pricing equations with an application to estimating the effect of schooling quality on earnings. The Review of Economics and Statistics,
, 562–610. doi:10.2307/2109948
Hefner, F. L. (1990). Cointegration of regional GSP with national GDP. Studies in Economic Analysis,
, 43–58.Google Scholar
Helms, L. J. (1985). The effect of state and local taxes on economic growth: A time-series cross-section approach. The Review of Economics and Statistics,
, 574–582. doi:10.2307/1924801
Hendricks, L. (2004). Why does educational attainment differ across US states? CESifo Working Paper No. 1335.
Hendricks, R. M., & Garand, J. C. (2001). Variation in state economic growth: Decomposing state, regional, and national effects. The Journal of Politics,
, 1093–1110. doi:10.2307/2131868
Hirtle, B., & Metli, C. (2004). The evolution of U.S. branch networks: Growth consolidation, and strategy. Current Issues in Economics and Finance,
, 1–7.Google Scholar
Hoxby, C. M. (2000). The effect of class size on student achievement: New evidence from population variation. The Quarterly Journal of Economics,
, 1239–1286. doi:10.1162/003355300555060
Huisman, J. & Kaiser, F. (2002). A comparative view of policy trends in western European higher education. German Policy Studies, 2.3.
Hungerford, T. L., & Wassmer, R. W. (2004). K-12 education in the US economy: Its impact on economic development, earnings, and housing values. National Education Association Working Paper, April 2004.
International Monetary Fund. (1997). International financial statistics yearbook. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund. (2007). International financial statistics yearbook. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund
Investment Company Institute. (2008). 2008 Investment Company fact book
. Retrieved May 20, 2008 from http://www.icifactbook.org/
Jacobson, L. (2001). Research: Sizing up small classes. Education Week,
, 26–29.Google Scholar
Jaschik, S. (2007). Holding on to graduates
. Retrieved February 8, 2008 from http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2007/07/03/maine
Jones, B. D. (1990). Public policies and economic growth in the American states. The Journal of Politics,
, 219–233. doi:10.2307/2131426
Jones, C. (2007). Hedge funds of funds: A guide for investors
. West Sussex, England: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
Jorgenson, D. W., & Fraumeni, B. M. (1992). Investment in education and US economic growth. The Scandinavian Journal of Economics,
(1992 Supplement), 51–70. doi:10.2307/3440246
Jorgenson, D. W., & Stirroh, K. J. (2000). Raising the speed limit: US economic growth in the information age. In William Brainard & George Perry (Eds.), Brookings papers on economic activity 1 (pp. 125–235). Washington, DC: Brookings Institute.
Kerchner, C. T. (1986). Union-made teaching: The effects of labor relations on teaching work. Review of Research in Education,
, 317–349.Google Scholar
Krueger, A. B. (2003). Economic considerations and class size. The Economic Journal,
, F34–F63. doi:10.1111/1468-0297.00098
Lee, J., & Barro, R. (2001). Schooling quality in a cross-section of countries. Economica,
, 465–488. doi:10.1111/1468-0335.00257
Lovenheim, M. F. (2007). The effect of teachers’ unions on education production: Evidence from union election certifications in three midwestern states. Unpublished manuscript, University of Michigan.
McGiverin, J., Gilman, D., & Tillitski, C. (1989). A meta-analysis of the relationship between class size and achievement. Elementary School Journal,
, 47–56. doi:10.1086/461601
Meyers, L. S., Gamst, G., & Guarino, A. J. (2006). Applied multivariate research: Design and interpretation
. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Miller, S. M., & Russek, F. S. (1997). Fiscal structures and economic growth at the state and local level. Public Finance Review,
, 213–237. doi:10.1177/109114219702500204
Milton, S. (1986). A sample size formula for multiple regression studies. Public Opinion Quarterly,
, 112–118. doi:10.1086/268963
Mincer, J. (1994). The production of human capital and the lifecycle of earnings: Variations on a theme. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, NBER Working Paper #4838.
Moomaw, R., Mullen, J. K., & Williams, M. (2002). Human and knowledge capital: A contribution to the empirics of state economic growth. Atlantic Economic Journal,
, 48–60. doi:10.1007/BF02299146
Morgan, D. P., Rime, B., & Strahan, P. E. (2004). Bank integration and state business cycles. The Quarterly Journal of Economics,
, 1555–1584. doi:10.1162/0033553042476161
Murray, S. E., Rueben, K., & Rosenberg, C. (2007). State education spending: Current pressures and future trends. National Tax Journal,
, 325–345.Google Scholar
Nardinelli, C., Wallace, M. S., & Warner, J. T. (1987). Exploring differences in state growth: Catching up versus Olson. Public Choice,
, 201–213. doi:10.1007/BF00116703
Nijkamp, P., & Poot, J. (2004). Meta-analysis of the impact of fiscal policies on long-run growth. Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper. April 23, 2003.
Olson, M. (1982). The rise and decline of nations: Economic growth, stagflation, and social rigidities
. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Picus, L. (1995). Does money matter in education? A policymaker’s guide. In W. J. Fowler Jr. (Ed.), Selected papers in school finance 1995
(pp. 15–36). Washington, DC: US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics.Google Scholar
Plaut, T. R., & Pluta, J. E. (1983). Business climate, taxes, and expenditures, and state industrial growth in the United States. Southern Economic Journal,
, 99–119. doi:10.2307/1058043
Plosila, W. H. (2004). State science-and-technology-based economic development policy: History, trends, and developments, and future directions. Economic Development Quarterly,
, 113–126. doi:10.1177/0891242404263621
Poot, J. (2000). A synthesis of empirical research on the impact of government on long-run growth. Growth and Change,
, 516–546. doi:10.1111/0017-4815.00143
Quan, N. T., & Beck, J. H. (1987). Public education expenditures and state economic growth: Northeast and Sunbelt regions. Southern Economic Journal,
, 361–367. doi:10.2307/1059321
Ragkumar, A. S., & Swaroop, V. (2007). Public spending and outcomes: Does governance matter? Journal of Development Economics,
, 96–111. doi:10.1016/j.jdeveco.2007.08.003
Reed, W. R. (2006). The determinants of US state economic growth: A search for control variables. (Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Tax Association, Boston, MA.).
Roscigno, V. J., Tomaskovic-Devey, D., & Crowley, M. (2006). Education and the inequalities of place. Social Forces,
, 2121–2145. doi:10.1353/sof.2006.0108
Rogers, K., & Heller, D. (2003). Moving on: State policies to address academic brain drain in the south. Paper presented at the Forum on Public Policy on Higher Education, Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of Higher Education, Portland, Oregon.
Schultz, T. W. (1963). The economic value of education
. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Sedgley, N. H. (1998). The role of industrial innovation in growth and convergence across US states. Dissertation, University of New Hampshire.
Senter, R. (1999). The impact of government research and development spending and other factors on state economic development. Public Administration Quarterly,
, 368–384.Google Scholar
State Higher Education Executive Officers. (2007). Public postsecondary enrollment, educational appropriations per FTE, and total educational revenues per FTE 1980–2005. Retrieved February 5, 2007, from www.sheeo.org/finance/shef/shef_data.htm
Strahan, P. (2006). Band diversification, economic diversification? FRBSF Economic Letter 2006–10 (May 16). San Francisco: Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
Swanson, C. B. (2008). Cities in crisis: A special analytic report on high school graduation
. Bethesda, MD: Editorial Project in Education Research Center.Google Scholar
Temple, J. R. W. (1999). The new growth evidence. Journal of Economic Literature,
, 112–156.Google Scholar
United Nations. (2005). Human development report 2005: International cooperation at the crossroads
. New York: UN Development Programme.Google Scholar
US Census Bureau. (2002a). Industry snapshots from the economic census. Retrieved February 4, 2008, from http://www.census.gov/econ/census07/snapshots
US Census Bureau. (2007a). Educational attainment in the United States. Retrieved February, 2007, June, 2007, from http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/educ-attn.html
US Census Bureau. (2007b). Federal, state, and local government: State and local government finances. Retrieved February, 2007, June, 2007, from www.census.gov/govs/www/estimate.html
US Census Bureau. (2007c). Geographic mobility survey. Retrieved May 20, 2008 from http://www.census.gov/population/socdemo/migration/tab-a-2.pdf
US Census Bureau. (1985–1990, 1992–1995, 1999, 2001, 2002b, 2003–2006, 2008). Statistical abstracts of the United States. Washington, DC: US Census Bureau.
US Census Bureau. (2008). Statistical abstracts of the United States. Washington, DC: US Census Bureau.
US Department of Education. (1980, 1981, 1987, 1998a). National Center for Education Statistics. Digest of education statistics. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
US Department of Education. (1997, 1998b, 2005). National Center for Education Statistics. Digest of education statistics tables and figures. Digest of Education Statistics
. Retrieved April 24, 2006, July 7, 2006, July 7, 2007, from www.nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/
US Department of Education. (1998c). National Center for Education Statistics. State comparisons of education statistics: 1969–70 to 1996–97: Pupil/teacher ratios in public elementary and secondary schools. Digest of Education Statistics
. Retrieved July 7, 2006, March 1, 2007, from http://www.nces.ed.gov/pubs98/98018
US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. (1977–78, 1979). National Center for Education Statistics. Digest of education statistics. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
US Department of Transportations. (2007). Office of Highway Policy Information. Highway statistics publications. Retrieved February 1, 2007, June, 2007, from www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/hsspubs.htm
Vedder, R. (2004). Private versus social returns to higher education: Some new cross-sectional evidence. Journal of Labor Research,
, 677–686. doi:10.1007/s12122-004-1018-5
World Bank Group. (2007a). World development indicators online. Retrieved February 5, 2008 from http://ddp-ext.worldbank.org/ext/DDPQQ/member.do?method=getMembers&userid=1&queryId=6