Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 474–480

Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised


    • Section of Behavioral MedicineChildren’s Hospital for Rehabilitation, The Cleveland Clinic
  • Eric A. Youngstrom
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Cynthia S. Kubu
    • Section of NeuropsychologyThe Cleveland Clinic
  • Leslie Sinclair
    • Center for AutismThe Cleveland Clinic
  • Ali Rezai
    • Center for Neurological RestorationThe Cleveland Clinic
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-007-0415-z

Cite this article as:
Frazier, T.W., Youngstrom, E.A., Kubu, C.S. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2008) 38: 474. doi:10.1007/s10803-007-0415-z


The factor structure of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) algorithm items was examined using exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) factor methods. The ADI-R was completed for 1,170 youths and adults (ages 2–46). Results of EFAs indicated strong support for two-factor structure, with social communication and stereotyped behavior factors. CFAs computed in a holdout sub-sample indicated roughly equal support for the above described two-factor model and a three factor model separating peer relationships and play from other social and communicative behaviors. Multi-group CFAs suggested that both two and three factor models showed good stability across age, with only slight changes in factor relationships. These findings indicate that the current ADI-R structure be revised to more accurately reflect the relationships between sub-scales.


AutismAutism diagnostic interview-revisedExploratory factor analysisMulti-group confirmatory factor analysis

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007