Environment, Development and Sustainability

, 10:677

Constructing a policy and institutional framework for an ecosystem-based approach to managing the Lower Amazon floodplain

Authors

    • Nucleo de Altos Estudos Amazonicos (NAEA)Federal University of Para
    • The Woods Hole Research Center
    • Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazonia (IPAM)
  • Alcilene Cardoso
    • Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazonia (IPAM)
  • Oriana T. Almeida
    • Nucleo de Altos Estudos Amazonicos (NAEA)Federal University of Para
    • Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazonia (IPAM)
  • Juarez Pezzuti
    • Nucleo de Altos Estudos Amazonicos (NAEA)Federal University of Para
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10668-008-9154-3

Cite this article as:
McGrath, D.G., Cardoso, A., Almeida, O.T. et al. Environ Dev Sustain (2008) 10: 677. doi:10.1007/s10668-008-9154-3

Abstract

A regional experiment in co-management is underway in the Lower Amazon that is developing the basic policy and institutional elements for an ecosystem-based approach to floodplain management. This initiative grew out of the grassroots movement of floodplain communities who, concerned with excessive commercial fishing pressure on local fisheries, took control of local lakes and implemented collective agreements regulating fishing activity. This paper describes the main elements of the evolving regional management system. This process has focused on four main dimensions of floodplain settlement and resource use: development of sustainable management systems for floodplain resources, policies and institutions for fisheries co-management, collective agreements for grazing cattle on floodplain grasslands, and a land tenure policy consistent with the objectives of the evolving co-management system. Over the last year INCRA, the National Institute for Colonization and Agrarian Reform, has begun implementation of a comprehensive new land tenure policy that could resolve structural deficiencies in the existing co-management system and provide the basis for the ecosystem-based management of the Lower Amazon floodplain.

Keywords

AmazonCo-managementEcosystem managementFisheriesFloodplainVarzea

Abbreviations

IBAMA

Instituto Brasileiro de Meio-Ambiente e Recursos Renováveis

INCRA

Instituto Nacional de Colonização e Reforma Agrária

PAE

Projeto de Assentamento Agro-Extrativista

TAC

Termo de Ajuste de Conduta

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008