, Volume 52, Issue 8, pp 1924-1933
Date: 03 Apr 2007

Molecular and Clinical Characteristics in 46 Families Affected with Peutz–Jeghers Syndrome

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Abstract

Germline mutations of the tumor suppressor gene LKB1/STK11 are responsible for the Peutz–Jeghers syndrome (PJS), an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by mucocutaneous pigmentation, hamartomatous polyps, and an increased risk of associated malignancies. In this study, we assessed the presence of pathogenic mutations in the LKB1/STK11 gene in 46 unrelated PJS families, and also carried genotype–phenotype correlation in regard of the development of cancer in 170 PJS patients belonging to these families. All LKB1/STK11 variants detected with single-strand conformational polymorphism were confirmed by direct sequencing, and those without LKB1/STK11 mutation were further submitted to Southern blot analysis for detection of deletions/rearrangements. Statistical analysis for genotype–phenotype correlation was performed. In 59% (27/46) of unrelated PJS cases, pathogenic mutations in the LKB1/STK11 gene, including 9 novel mutations, were identified. The new mutations were 2 splice site deletion–insertions, 2 missenses, 1 nonsense, and 4 abnormal splice sites. Genotype–phenotype analysis did not yield any significant differences between patients carrying mutations in LKB1/STK11 versus those without mutations, even with respect to primary biliary adenocarcinoma. This study presents the molecular characterization and cancer occurrence of a large cohort of PJS patients, increases the mutational spectrum of LKB1/STK11 allelic variants worldwide, and provides a new insight useful for clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling of PJS families.