Article

Crime, Law and Social Change

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 1-31

An analysis of the implementation of laws with regard to female genital mutilation in Europe

  • Els LeyeAffiliated withInternational Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University Email author 
  • , Jessika DeblondeAffiliated withInternational Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University
  • , José García-AñónAffiliated withHuman Rights Institute of the University of Valencia
  • , Sara JohnsdotterAffiliated withDepartment of Sociology, Lund University
  • , Adwoa Kwateng-KluvitseAffiliated withFoundation for Women’s Health, Research and Development (FORWARD)
  • , Linda Weil-CurielAffiliated withCommision pour l’Abolition des Mutilations Sexuelles (CAMS)
  • , Marleen TemmermanAffiliated withInternational Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University

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Abstract

This paper presents results of a survey on legislation regarding female genital mutilation in 15 European member states, as well as the results of a comparative analysis of the implementation of these laws in Belgium, France, Spain, Sweden and the UK. The research showed that although both criminal laws and child protection laws are implemented a number of difficulties with the implementation of these laws remain. The article suggests that efforts should primarily focus on child protection measures, but also on developing implementation strategies for criminal laws, and concludes with suggestions to overcome the obstructing factors to implement laws applicable to FGM in Europe.