Original Paper

Journal of Comparative Physiology A

, Volume 199, Issue 1, pp 45-55

First online:

Honeybees can discriminate between Monet and Picasso paintings

  • Wen WuAffiliated withSchool of Psychology, The University of Queensland
  • , Antonio M. MorenoAffiliated withQueensland Brain Institute, The University of QueenslandDepartment of Psychology, Federal University of Sao Carlos
  • , Jason M. TangenAffiliated withSchool of Psychology, The University of Queensland
  • , Judith ReinhardAffiliated withQueensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland Email author 

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Honeybees (Apis mellifera) have remarkable visual learning and discrimination abilities that extend beyond learning simple colours, shapes or patterns. They can discriminate landscape scenes, types of flowers, and even human faces. This suggests that in spite of their small brain, honeybees have a highly developed capacity for processing complex visual information, comparable in many respects to vertebrates. Here, we investigated whether this capacity extends to complex images that humans distinguish on the basis of artistic style: Impressionist paintings by Monet and Cubist paintings by Picasso. We show that honeybees learned to simultaneously discriminate between five different Monet and Picasso paintings, and that they do not rely on luminance, colour, or spatial frequency information for discrimination. When presented with novel paintings of the same style, the bees even demonstrated some ability to generalize. This suggests that honeybees are able to discriminate Monet paintings from Picasso ones by extracting and learning the characteristic visual information inherent in each painting style. Our study further suggests that discrimination of artistic styles is not a higher cognitive function that is unique to humans, but simply due to the capacity of animals—from insects to humans—to extract and categorize the visual characteristics of complex images.


Honeybee Learning Vision Discrimination Generalization