Current Psychology

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 1-9

First online:

Eye color Predicts Disagreeableness in North Europeans: Support in Favor of Frost (2006)

  • Elliroma GardinerAffiliated withSchool of Psychology, The University of Queensland
  • , Chris J. JacksonAffiliated withThe Australian Business School, The University of New South Wales Email author 

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The current study investigates whether eye color provides a marker of Agreeableness in North Europeans. Extrapolating from Frost’s (2006) research uncovering an unusually diverse range of hair and eye color in northern Europe, we tested the hypothesis that light eyed individuals of North European descent would be less agreeable (a personality marker for competitiveness) when compared to their dark eyed counterparts, whereas there would be no such effect for people of European descent in general. The hypothesis was tested in Australia to provide consistent environmental conditions for both groups of people. Results support the hypothesis. Implications and conclusions are discussed.


Eye color Personality Melanin Competitiveness Agreeableness