Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 77, Issue 2, pp 111–127

The Effectiveness of Business Codes: A Critical Examination of Existing Studies and the Development of an Integrated Research Model


    • Department of Business-Society ManagementRSM Erasmus University
  • Mark S. Schwartz
    • Atkinson School of Administrative StudiesYork University
Open AccessArticle

DOI: 10.1007/s10551-006-9305-0

Cite this article as:
Kaptein, M. & Schwartz, M.S. J Bus Ethics (2008) 77: 111. doi:10.1007/s10551-006-9305-0


Business codes are a widely used management instrument. Research into the effectiveness of business codes has, however, produced conflicting results. The main reasons for the divergent findings are: varying definitions of key terms; deficiencies in the empirical data and methodologies used; and a lack of theory. In this paper, we propose an integrated research model and suggest directions for future research.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007