Original Investigation

Psychopharmacology

, Volume 223, Issue 1, pp 117-129

Cannabinol and cannabidiol exert opposing effects on rat feeding patterns

  • Jonathan A. FarrimondAffiliated withSchool of Pharmacy, University of ReadingSchool of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading
  • , Benjamin J. WhalleyAffiliated withSchool of Pharmacy, University of Reading
  • , Claire M. WilliamsAffiliated withSchool of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading Email author 

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Abstract

Rationale

Increased food consumption following ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol-induced cannabinoid type 1 receptor agonism is well documented. However, possible non-∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol phytocannabinoid-induced feeding effects have yet to be fully investigated. Therefore, we have assessed the effects of the individual phytocannabinoids, cannabigerol, cannabidiol and cannabinol, upon feeding behaviors.

Methods

Adult male rats were treated (p.o.) with cannabigerol, cannabidiol, cannabinol or cannabinol plus the CB1R antagonist, SR141716A. Prior to treatment, rats were satiated and food intake recorded following drug administration. Data were analyzed for hourly intake and meal microstructure.

Results

Cannabinol induced a CB1R-mediated increase in appetitive behaviors via significant reductions in the latency to feed and increases in consummatory behaviors via increases in meal 1 size and duration. Cannabinol also significantly increased the intake during hour 1 and total chow consumed during the test. Conversely, cannabidiol significantly reduced total chow consumption over the test period. Cannabigerol administration induced no changes to feeding behavior.

Conclusion

This is the first time cannabinol has been shown to increase feeding. Therefore, cannabinol could, in the future, provide an alternative to the currently used and psychotropic ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol-based medicines since cannabinol is currently considered to be non-psychotropic. Furthermore, cannabidiol reduced food intake in line with some existing reports, supporting the need for further mechanistic and behavioral work examining possible anti-obesity effects of cannabidiol.

Keywords

Cannabis Cannabigerol Cannabidiol Cannabinol Phytocannabinoids Feeding Appetite Behavio(u)r