Date: 11 Jun 2010

Optimum surface roughness prediction in face milling by using neural network and harmony search algorithm

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This paper presents a new approach to determine the optimal cutting parameters leading to minimum surface roughness in face milling of X20Cr13 stainless steel by coupling artificial neural network (ANN) and harmony search algorithm (HS). In this regard, advantages of statistical experimental design technique, experimental measurements, analysis of variance, artificial neural network and harmony search algorithm were exploited in an integrated manner. To this end, numerous experiments on X20Cr13 stainless steel were conducted to obtain surface roughness values. A predictive model for surface roughness was created using a feed forward neural network exploiting experimental data. The optimization problem was solved by harmony search algorithm. Additional experiments were performed to validate optimum surface roughness value predicted by HS algorithm. The obtained results show that the harmony search algorithm coupled with feed forward neural network is an efficient and accurate method in approaching the global minimum of surface roughness in face milling.