, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 951-976

Introduction to complex orbital momenta

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Summary

In this paper the orbital momentumj, until now considered as an integer discrete parameter in the radial Schrödinger wave equations, is allowed to take complex values. The purpose of such an enlargement is not purely academic but opens new possibilities in discussing the connection between potentials and scattering amplitudes. In particular it is shown that under reasonable assumptions, fulfilled by most field theoretical potentials, the scattering amplitude at some fixed energy determines the potential uniquely, when it exists. Moreover for special classes of potentialsV(x), which are analytically continuable into a functionV(z),z=x+iy, regular and suitable bounded inx > 0, the scattering amplitude has the remarcable property of being continuable for arbitrary negative and large cosine of the scattering angle and therefore for arbitrary large real and positive transmitted momentum. The range of validity of the dispersion relations is therefore much enlarged.

Riassunto

Nel presente lavoro viene definita l’interpolazione degli sfasamenti nello scattering da potenziale per valori generalmente complessi del momento orbitale. Tale definizione si presta particolarmente a discutere le proprietà analitiche (tra cui la rappresentazione di Mandelstam) dell’ampiezza di scattering giovandosi all’uopo di un metodo dovuto a Watson sueccessivamente perfezionato da Sommerfeld.