Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Birth Control

  • Amitabh Vikram Dwivedi
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_362-1


Hinduism divides a person’s life into four age-based life stages: Brahmacharya (bachelor stage; 0–25 years), Grihastha (married stage; 26–50 years), Vanaprastha (retirement stage; 51–75 years), and Sannyasa (renounced stage; 76–100 years) [4]. In Grihastha stage, a person’s duties and responsibilities of having a family is discussed, and this stage is considered as the most important stage in a person’s life. The traditional codes of conducts mentioned in the Manusmriti generally guide a Hindu in terms of sex and sexuality, and marriage and child birth, and any deviation from these rules results in the rejection by the family and community [5]. The birth control methods, such as abortion and the use of contraceptives are generally not approved by the Hindu scriptures as it is believed that the life enters into the human embryo as soon as it gets fertilized. However, the Garbha Upanishad states that in the seventh month, jivan “life” enters into the body inside the womb.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Humanities & Social Sciences – Languages & LiteratureShri Mata Vaishno Devi UniversityKatraIndia