Alternative Food Networks
The term “Alternative Food Networks” (AFNs) describes the practice and an academic body of work surrounding the emergence of alternative food practices that emerged in the 1990s as a reaction against the standardization, globalization, and unethical nature of the industrial food system. Common examples include community supported agriculture, farmers’ markets, fair trade, urban agriculture, specialized forms of organic agriculture, direct farm retail, and the slow food movement. AFNs seek to diversify and transform modern food provisioning by connecting ethical producers and consumers in more local, direct ways. They build on an ethics of environmental sustainability, social justice, and animal welfare. AFNs endorse the creation of new exchange models that support a return to community...
KeywordsFood System Fair Trade Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Environmental Justice Information Communication Technology
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