Ethnobotany in Pakistan

  • Zabta K. Shinwari
  • Anwar Nasim
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3934-5_9620-2

Ethnobotany is a very broad discipline and covers all types of human-plant interactions. It is the study of how the people of a particular culture and region make use of plants. However, there are also other definitions, such as the use of plants in early societies. According to Heinrich and Bremner (2006), ethnobotany investigates the relationship between humans and plants in all its complexity and is usually based on a detailed observation and study of the plants used by a society, including all its cultural beliefs and practices associated with that use. In Pakistan the field of ethnomedicine is quite virgin. The indigenous use of plants is a common practice, but ethnobotanical studies are still on a documenting level (Shinwari, 2010). Ethnobotanical studies generally identify locally important plant species and document traditional knowledge for the discovery of crude drugs and modern-day drugs. Medicinal plant products have been used successfully for various ailments both...

Keywords

Medicinal Plant Plant Resource Forest Department Wild Vegetable Joint Forest Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. (1991). Marketing of herbal drugs and its problems. In Proceedings of the national workshop on appropriate use of medicinal plants in traditional medicine (pp. 69–72). Islamabad: NIH.Google Scholar
  2. (2000). Sustainable management of Chilghoza forest ecosystem in the Bargha Sherani area of Sulaiman mountain range through community development.Google Scholar
  3. Adnan, M., Ullah, I., Tariq, A., Murad, W., Azizullah, A., Khan, A. L., et al. (2014). Ethnomedicine use in the war affected region of northwest Pakistan. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 10, 16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ahmad, I., Ibrar, M., Barkatullah, M., & Ali, N. (2011). Ethnobotanical study of Tehsil Kabal, Swat District, KPK, Pakistan. Journal of Botany, Article ID 368572, 1–9.Google Scholar
  5. Ahmad, M., Sultana, S., Hadi, S. F., Hadda, T. B., Rashid, S., Zafar, M., et al. (2014). An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in high mountainous region of Chail valley (District Swat- Pakistan). Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 10, 36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ahmed, E., Arshad, M., Saboor, A., Qureshi, R., Mustafa, G., Sadiq, S., et al. (2013). Ethnobotanical appraisal and medicinal use of plants in Patriata, New Murree, evidence from Pakistan. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9, 13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Akhtar, N., Rashid, A., Murad, W., & Bergmeier, E. (2013). Diversity and use of ethno-medicinal plants in the region of Swat, North Pakistan. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9, 25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ali, A., & Khuwaja, N. (2003). The effect of uses, regulation and governing common grazing areas on livelihood of the pastoralists in Bomberete valley of Chitral. Chitral: AKRSP and ICIMOD.Google Scholar
  9. Ali, S. I., & Qaiser, M. (1986). A phytogeographical analysis of the phanerogames of Pakistan and Kashmir. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 89B, 89–101.Google Scholar
  10. Ali, S. I., & Qaiser, M. (1998). Flora of Pakistan. Botany Department, University of Karachi, Karachi. Assessment of the Bio–Diversity Resources of Zarghoon Juniper Ecosystem, Unpublished Report, 30.Google Scholar
  11. Aumeeruddy, Y. (1996). People and plants. Himalayas, country and site planning report for Pakistan. Report Prepared for the European Union.Google Scholar
  12. Aumeeruddy, Y., Ayaz, A., Gillani, A., Jabeen, A. Z., & Jabeen, H. (1998). Detailed workshop report: People and plants workshop on applied ethnobotany at Ayubia National Park, NWFP, Pakistan, 14–16 October 1998.Google Scholar
  13. Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Y., & Pei, S. (2003). Applied ethnobotany, case studies from the Himalayan region, people and plants (Working paper series, Vol. 12). Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  14. Government of Pakistan. (1998). Biodiversity action plan, Pakistan (draft report). Prepared with support from IUCN/WWF and World Bank/GEF.Google Scholar
  15. Gururani, S. (2002). Le savoir des femmes du tiers-monde dans le discourse sur le développement, Revue Internationale des Sciences Sociales (Special Issue: ‘Les saviors autochtones’, Vol. 173, pp. 353–363).Google Scholar
  16. Halberstein, R. A. (2005). Medicinal plants: Historical and cross-cultural usage patterns. Annals of Epidemiology, 15(9), 686–699.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hamilton, A., et al. (2003). The purpose and teaching of applied ethnobotany people and plants (Working paper series, Vol. 11).Google Scholar
  18. Heinrich, M., & Bremner, P. (2006). Ethnobotany and ethnopharmacy – Their role for anti-cancer drug development. Current Drug Targets, 7, 239–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hussain, W., Hussain, J., Ali, R., Hussain, S., Khan, M. A., Khan, I., et al. (2012). Phytomedicinal studies of Kurram agency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 2(10), 081–085.Google Scholar
  20. Hussain, W., Hussain, J., Hussain, S., Shinwari, Z. K., Ali, R., & Bashir, A. (2013). Ethno medicinal study of Parachinar, Kurram Valley (FATA) KPK, Pakistan. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 3(11), 085–088.Google Scholar
  21. Hussain, J., Khan, A. L., Rehman, N., Hamayun, M., Shah, T., Nisar, M., et al. (2009). Proximate and nutrient analysis of selected vegetable species: A case study of Karak region, Pakistan. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8(12), 2725–2729.Google Scholar
  22. Ilyas, M., Qureshi, R., Shinwari, Z. K., Arshad, M., Mirza, S. N., & Zia-Ul-Haq. (2013). Some ethnoecological aspects of the plants of Qalagai Hills, Kabal valley, Swat, Pakistan. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 15(5), 801–810.Google Scholar
  23. Ismail, S., & Nisar, M. F. (2010). Ethnomedicinal survey for important plants of district Lodhran, Punjab, Pakistan. The BIOL (E-Journal of Life Sciences), 1(3), 52–58.Google Scholar
  24. Jan, G., Khan, M. A., Gul, F., Ahmad, M., Jan, M., & Zafar, M. (2010). Ethnobotanical study of common weeds of Dir Kohistan valley, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 16(1), 81–88.Google Scholar
  25. Juden, L. K. (2003). Spiritual link is part of traditional knowledge. Nature, 421, 313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Khan, A. A. (1985). Survey of crude drug (herbal) markets in Pakistan in biological sciences (Research division bulletin, Vol. 7). Peshawar: Pakistan Forest Institute.Google Scholar
  27. Khan, M. A., Khan, M. A., Mujtaba, G., & Hussain, M. (2012). Ethnobotanical study about medicinal plants of Poonch valley Azad Kashmir. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 22(2), 493–500.Google Scholar
  28. Khan, R. U., Mehmood, S., Khan, S. U., & Jaffar, F. (2013). Ethnobotanical study of food value flora of district Bannu Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies, 1(4), 93–106.Google Scholar
  29. Mahmood, A., Malik, R. N., Shinwari, Z. K., & Mahmood, A. (2011). Ethnobotanical survey of plants from Neelum, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43, 105–110.Google Scholar
  30. Murad, W., Ahmad, A., Ishaq, G., Khan, M. S., Khan, A. M., Ullah, I., et al. (2012). Ethnobotanical studies on plant resources of Hazar Nao forest, district Malakand, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 18(4), 509–527.Google Scholar
  31. Murad, W., Azizullah, A., Adnan, M., Tariq, A., Khan, K. U., Waheed, S., et al. (2013). Ethnobotanical assessment of plant resources of Banda Daud Shah, District Karak, Pakistan. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9, 77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nadeem, M., Shinwari, Z. K., & Qaiser, M. (2013). Screening of folk remedies by genus artemisia based on ethnomedicinal surveys and traditional knowledge of native communities of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 45(S1), 111–117.Google Scholar
  33. Ong, H. C., Zuki, R. M., & Milow, P. (2011). Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants among the Malay villagers in Kampung Mak Kemas, Terengganu, Malaysia. Ethno Med, 5(3), 175–185.Google Scholar
  34. Qaisar, M., Farooq, S., Gilani, S. N., Wasim, M. A., Kakar, M., Shah, S. W. A., et al. (2013). Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in Wazir and Daur tribes of North Waziristan, Pakistan. Global Veterinaria, 11(3), 285–292.Google Scholar
  35. Rates, S. M. K. (2001). Plants as source of drugs. Toxicon, 39(5), 603–613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sarwat, Shinwari, Z. K., & Ahmad, N. (2012). Screening of potential medicinal plants from district Swat specific for controlling women diseases. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 44(4), 1193–1198.Google Scholar
  37. Saxena, K. G., et al. (2001). Integrated natural resource management: Approaches and lessons from the Himalaya. Conservation Ecology, 5(2), 14. [Online] URL: http://www.consecol.org/vol5/iss2/art14.
  38. Sher, H. (2013). Collection and marketing of high value medicinal and aromatic plants from district Swat, Pakistan. The Pakistan strategy support program (PSSP) working paper.Google Scholar
  39. Shinwari, Z. K. (1996). Ethnobotany in Pakistan: Sustainable and participatory approach. In Z. K. Shinwari (Ed.), Proceedings Ethnobotany and its application to conservation (Ethnobotany and its application to conservation, pp. 14–25). Islamabad, Pakistan: NARC.Google Scholar
  40. Shinwari, Z. K. (2010). Medicinal plants research in Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 4(3), 161–176.Google Scholar
  41. Shinwari, Z. K., Gilani, S. S., Kohjoma, M., & Nakaika, T. (2000). Status of medicinal plants in Pakistani Hindukush Himalayas. In Proceedings of Nepal-Japan joint symposium on conservation and utilization of Himalayan medicinal resources (pp. 257–64).Google Scholar
  42. Shinwari, Z. K., Gilani, S. S., & Shoukat, M. (2002). Ethnobotanical resources and implications for curriculum. In Z. K. Shinwari, A. Hamilton, & A. A. Khan. (Eds.), Proceedings of workshop on curriculum development in applied ethnobotany, 2–4 May 2002 (pp. 21–34). Nathiagali, Abbottabad: WWF-Pakistan.Google Scholar
  43. Shinwari, Z. K., & Khan, A. A. (Ed.) (2001). Proceedings of a workshop on ethnobotany applied to participatory forest management in Pakistan, Abbottabad, 7–8 May 2001. Peshawar: WWF-Pakistan.Google Scholar
  44. Shinwari, Z. K., Khan, B. A., & Khan, A. A. (1996). Proceedings of the first training workshop on ethnobotany and its application to conservation, 16–24 September 1996. Islamabad: PARC, WWF, ICIMOD.Google Scholar
  45. Shinwari, Z. K., & Qaiser, M. (2011). Efforts on conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43, 5–10.Google Scholar
  46. Shinwari, S., Qureshi, R., & Baydoun, E. (2011). Ethnobotanical study of Kohat Pass (Pakistan). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43, 135–139.Google Scholar
  47. Ullah, M., Khan, M. U., Mahmood, A., Malik, R. N., Hussain, M., Wazir, S. M., et al. (2013). An ethnobotanical survey of indigenous medicinal plants in Wana district south Waziristan agency, Pakistan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 150, 918–924.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. UNEP, & WTO. (1998). A handbook on wildlife and eco-tourism development. Islamabad: Ministry of Tourism and Culture.Google Scholar
  49. WWF-Pakistan. (1996). Khunjerab National Park management plan. Lahore: WWF-Pakistan.Google Scholar
  50. Zereen, A., Khan, Z. D., & Ajaib, M. (2013). Ethnobotanical evaluation of the shrubs of Central Punjab, Pakistan. Biologia (Pakistan), 59(1), 139–146.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Pakistan Academy of SciencesIslamabadPakistan