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The Family Lachnospiraceae

  • Erko Stackebrandt
Reference work entry

Abstract

The family Lachnospiraceae is a phylogenetically and morphologically heterogeneous taxon of the class Clostridia, phylum Firmicutes. The family, described on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, contains a high number of as yet not reclassified species of other genera which will significantly expand the physiological and chemotaxonomic diversity of the family once these species will be assigned to new genera. All members are anaerobic, fermentative, and chemoorganotrophic, some with strong hydrolyzing activities, e.g., pectin methylesterase, pectate lyase, xylanase, α-L-arabinofuranosidase, ß-xylosidase α- and ß-galactosidase, α- and ß-glucosidase, .-acetyl-ß-glucosaminidase, or α-amylase. The human or animal digestive tract is the main habitat for most members; other were isolated from the oral cavity but rarely from soil.

Keywords

Irritable Bowel Syndrome Giant Panda Swine Manure Diabetic Wound Class Clostridia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbHBraunschweigGermany

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