Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Magno-, Parvo-, Koniocellular Pathways

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_278-1

Synonyms

Definition

Magno-, parvo-, and koniocellular pathways are the three visual pathways in primates. These pathways are established at the level of the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) of the thalamus. They are formed of morphologically distinct cellular layers that receive information from different types of retinal ganglion cells and project to different layers in the primary visual cortex.

Anatomical Considerations

The LGN layers of each of the three visual pathways have a specific cytoarchitectonic structure. The names of the pathways are derived from these structural characteristics. Magnocellular (M) cells have relatively large bodies (lat. Magnus: large) and are found in the lowest two layers (layers 1 and 2) of the LGN. Parvocellular (P) cells have smaller bodies (lat. Parvus: small) and are found in the top four layers of the LGN (layers 3, 4, 5,...

Keywords

Autism Spectrum Disorder Receptive Field Retinal Ganglion Cell Lateral Geniculate Nucleus Primary Visual Cortex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Aberdeen, School of PsychologyAberdeenUK