Using Genome In Situ Hybridization (GISH) to Distinguish the Constituent Genomes of Brassica nigra and B. rapa in the Hybrid B. juncea

  • Zeeshan Shamim
  • Susan J. ArmstrongEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 2061)


The genome in situ hybridization (GISH) technique has become important for deciphering the organization of the constituent genomes in the allopolyploid plants that comprise many of the crop species. This technique comprises using the nuclear DNA from the constituent genomes as probes that have been labeled separately with different nucleotides that can be identified by using secondary antibodies. The Brassica family includes a range of mustard species with diverse phytochemical and morphological profile, hence making it an important plant family in agriculture. Meiosis is a specialized cellular division which brings the homologous chromosomes together and creates recombinants via pairing and synapsis during its early phase. Transfer of the genetic material within homoelog pairs creates novelty in subsequent generations which hold promise for improving the agriculture sector. This chapter is concerned with developing a GISH technique that discriminates between the constituent genomes in the allopolyploid B. juncea, in order to study meiosis.

Key words

DNA probe In situ hybridization Chromosomes Allopolyploid Brassica Meiosis 



We would like to thank Eugenio Sanchez Moran and Elaine Howell for the help and discussion in the laboratory. For technical assistance we would thank Steve Price and Karen Staples.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of BiosciencesUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyMirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST)Mirpur Azad KashmirPakistan

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