Systemic Approach in Determining the Role of Bioactive Compounds
Biosystems theory provides a useful framework for describing the biological role of bioactive compounds. Each functioning biosystem must adapt to and, to a certain degree, possess mechanisms or means to control both intra- and extra-organism conditions, “purpose”. The organism must have the capabilities to change itself or the external environment, including community function, to achieve a purpose at the highest possible level. In general under adverse conditions, an organism is forced to renounce the purposes of higher level and to fulfill the purposes of a lower level. The achievement of higher level purposes depends on the production of natural bioactive compounds (adaptogens). The role of bioactive compounds is discussed herein from the point of general concept of biosystems, their resistance, and their adaptation to adverse conditions. Utilization of the concept of a biosystem will provide a clearer understanding of the role of bioactive compounds in the sustenance of an individual redox state and to predict new functions and properties of the organisms and their bioactive compounds.
KeywordsSalicylic Acid Bioactive Compound Active Oxygen Species Homeostatic Condition High Level System
The research described in this publication was made possible in part by the STCU Award No. 5063. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the STCU.
- 2.Shmalgausen II (1968) The cybernetic problems of biology. Nauka, NovosibirskGoogle Scholar
- 3.Bertalanffy L (1973) General theory (foundation, development, application). Brazilier G, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 4.Patten BC (1971) A primer for ecological modeling and simulation with analog and digital computers. In: Systems analysis and simulation in ecology, vol 1. Academic, New York/LondonGoogle Scholar
- 5.Rosen R (1969) Principe of optimality in biology. Mir, MoscowGoogle Scholar
- 6.Rostopshin YA (1976) Mathematical modeling in physiology. Mathematical theory of biological processes. Nauka, KaliningradGoogle Scholar
- 11.Lazarev NV, Ljublina EI, Rozin MA (1959) State of nonspecific enhanced resistance. Patol Fiziol Exp Terap (Moscow) 3:16–21Google Scholar
- 14.Musienko NN, Daskalyuk TM, Kaplia AV (1986) Growth response to high temperature in wheat seedlings. Plant Physiol (Russian) 33:134–141Google Scholar