Prunus armeniaca

  • T. K. LimEmail author


The native range of apricot is somewhat unclear due to its extensive prehistoric cultivation, but has been regarded to be the northern, north-western and north-eastern provinces of China (Qinghai, Gansu, Shaanxi, Hebei, Liaoning) and possibly also Korea and Japan. Domestic cultivation in China dates back over 3,000 years ago. It spread to Asia Minor and was introduced to Europe through Greece and Italy by the Romans. Apricot was introduced into North America by English travellers and by Spanish missionaries into California. Apricot is extensively cultivated in Eurasia and America. Secondary centres of diversity with locally adapted races can be found in Middle Asia, Caucasus, Iran, and less so in southern Europe and southern USA.


Total Phenolic Content Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity Hydrocyanic Acid Apricot Kernel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Selected References

  1. Chevallier A (1996) The encyclopedia of medicinal plants. Dorling Kindersley, London, 336ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Drogoudi PD, Vemmos S, Pantelidis G, Petri E, Tzoutzoukou C, Karayiannis I (2008) Physical characters and antioxidant, sugar, and mineral nutrient contents in fruit from 29 apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) cultivars and hybrids. J Agric Food Chem 56(22):10754–10760PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Durmaz G, Alpaslan M (2007) Antioxidant properties of roasted apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) kernel. Food Chem 100(3):1177–1181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Egea I, Flores FB, Martínez-Madrid MC, Romojaro F, Sánchez-Bel P (2010) 1-Methylcyclopropene affects the antioxidant system of apricots (Prunus armeniaca L. cv. Búlida) during storage at low temperature. J Sci Food Agric 90(4):549–555PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. El-Aal MHA, Khalil MKM, Rahma EH (1986) Apricot kernel oil: characterization, chemical composition and utilization in some baked products. Food Chem 19(4):287–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gezer I, Haciseferogullari H, Arslan D, Özcan MM, Arslan D, Asma BM, Ünver A (2011) Physico-chemical properties of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) kernels. Southwest J Hort Biol Environ 2(1):1–13Google Scholar
  7. Gönülsen N (1996) Prunus germplasm in Turkey (pp 56–62). In: IPGRI Working Group on Prunus (ed), Report on the Working Group on Prunus: 5. Meeting. FAO, Rome 70ppGoogle Scholar
  8. Hwang H-J, Kim P, Kim C-J, Lee H-J, Shim I, Yin CS, Yang Y, Hahm D-H (2008) Antinociceptive effect of amygdalin isolated from Prunus armeniaca on formalin-induced pain in rats. Biol Pharm Bull 31(8):1559–1564PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kurus M, Ugras M, Ates B, Otlu A (2009) Apricot ameliorates alcohol induced testicular damage in rat model. Food Chem Toxicol 47(10):2666–2672PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lu L-T, Bartholomew B (2003) Armeniaca Scopoli. In: Wu ZY, Raven PH, Hong DY (eds) Flora of China, vol 9, Pittosporaceae through Connaraceae. Science Press/Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis/BeijingGoogle Scholar
  11. Natural Products Research Institute (1998) Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. Seoul National University, WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series No 21. 316ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Ozturk F, Gul M, Ates B, Ozturk IC, Cetin A, Vardi N, Otlu A, Yilmaz I (2009) Protective effect of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) on hepatic steatosis and damage induced by carbon tetrachloride in Wistar rats. Br J Nutr 102(12):1767–1775PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Parlakpinar H, Olmez E, Acet A, Ozturk F, Tasdemir S, Ates B, Gul M, Otlu A (2009) Beneficial effects of apricot-feeding on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Food Chem Toxicol 47(4):802–808PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Porcher MH et al (1995–2020) Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database. Published by The University of Melbourne. Australia.
  15. Prasad D (1999) A new aromatic glycoside from the roots of Prunus armeniaca. Fitoterapia 70(1):266–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Prasad D, Joshi RK, Pant G, Rawat MSM, Inoue K, Shingu T, He ZD (1998) An A-type proanthocyanidin from Prunus armeniaca. J Nat Prod 61(9):1123–1125. - np970383nAF2 Google Scholar
  17. Rashid F, Ahmed R, Mahmood A, Ahmad Z, Bibi N, Shahana Urooj Kazmi SU (2007) Flavonoid glycosides from Prunus armeniaca and the antibacterial activity of a crude extract. Arch Pharmacal Res 30(8):932–937CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rawat MSM, Prasad D, Joshi RK, Pant G (1999) Proanthocyanidins from Prunus armeniaca roots. Phytochemistry 50(2):321–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ruiz D, Campoy JA, José Egea J (2007) Chilling and heat requirements of apricot cultivars for flowering. Environ Exp Bot 61(3):254–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ruiz D, Egea J, Gil MI, Tomás-Barberán FA (2005a) Characterization and quantitation of phenolic compounds in new apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) varieties. J Agric Food Chem 53(24):9544–9552PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ruiz D, Egea J, Tomás-Barberán FA, Gil MI (2005b) Carotenoids from new apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) varieties and their relationship with flesh and skin color. J Agric Food Chem 53(16):6368–6374PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Schmitzer V, Slatnar A, Mikulic-Petkovsek M, Veberic R, Krska B, Franci Stampar F (2010) Comparative study of primary and secondary metabolites in apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) cultivars. J Sci Food Agric 91(5):860–866CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Someya K, Mikoshiba S, Okumura T, Hiroki Takenaka H, Ohdera M, Shirota O, Kuroyanagi M (2006) Suppressive effect of constituents isolated from kernel of Prunus armeniaca on 5 α-Androst-16-en-3-one generated by microbial metabolism. J Oleo Sci 55(7):353–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Turan S, Topcu A, Karabulut I, Vural H, Hayaloglu AA (2007) Fatty acid, triacylglycerol, phytosterol, and tocopherol variations in kernel oil of Malatya apricots from Turkey. J Agric Food Chem 55(26):10787–10794PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (2011) USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 24. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page.
  26. Usher G (1974) A dictionary of plants used by man. Constable. 619ppGoogle Scholar
  27. Yiğit D, Yiğit N, Mavi A (2009) Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of bitter and sweet apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) kernels. Braz J Med Biol Res 42(4):346–352PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CanberraAustralia

Personalised recommendations