Advertisement

Regulation and the Risk of Inaction

  • Bryant Walker Smith

Zusammenfassung

Two complex and conflicting objectives shape altruistic regulation of human activity: maximizing net social good and mitigating incidental individual loss. Eminent domain provides a superficially simple example: To build a road that benefits ten thousand people, a government evicts – and compensates – the ten people whose homes are in the way. But in many cases, individual loss is not fully compensable, most strikingly when that loss involves death: Whatever her actual detriment, a person who dies cannot be “made whole.” And indeed, more than 30,000 people lose their lives on US roadways every year while more than 300 million obtain some direct or indirect benefit from motorized transport.

Literatur

  1. 1.
    AASHTO, A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets (Green Book), 6th Edition (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Blythe, William and Seguin, Debra E., Commentary : Legal Minimum Tread Depth for Passenger Car Tires in the U.S.A. – A Survey, Traffic Injury Prevention, vol. 7, issue 2 (2006) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    California DMV Regulations, Title 13, § 227Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    California Insurance Code § 11580.1bGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    California Proposition 103 (1988) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    California Vehicle Code § 21950Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chrysler Corp. v. Dept. of Transp., 472 F2.d 659, 676 (6th Cir. 1972)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Glassbrenner, Donna, An Analysis of Recent Improvements to Vehicle Safety, http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811572.pdf
  9. 9.
    Keane, Angela Greiling, Chrysler Refusal on Jeeps Sets Challenge to Recall Power, June 7, 2013, http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-06-07/chrysler-refusal-on-jeeps-sets-challenge-to-recall-power.html
  10. 10.
    Lin, Patrick, Why Ethics Matters for Autonomous Cars, in this bookGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Marchant, Gary E. and, Rachel A., The Coming Collision Between Autonomous Vehicles and the Liability System, Santa Clara Law Review (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Michigan Compiled Laws Sec. 22949bGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    NHTSA Letter from Jennifer Timian, NHTSA, to Matthew Liddane, Chrysler Group LLC, June 21, 2013, http://www-odi.nhtsa.dot.gov/acms/cs/jaxrs/download/doc/UCM440558/RCAK-13V252-1688.PDF
  14. 14.
    N.Y. VEH. & TRAF. LAW § 400 (McKinney 2013)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Press Release, Polk, Polk Finds Average Age of Light Vehicle Continues to Rise (Aug. 6, 2013), https://www.polk.com/company/news/polk_finds_average_age_of_light_vehicles_continues_to_rise
  16. 16.
    Pritchard, Justin, How Google Got States to Legalize Driverless Cars, http://bigstory.ap.org/article/how-google-got-states-legalize-driverless-cars (2014)
  17. 17.
    Roberts, Stephen N., Hightower, Alison S., Thornton, Michael G., Cunningham, Linda N., and Terry, Richard G., Advanced Vehicle Control Systems: Potential Tort Liability for Developers, FHWA Contract DTFH61-93-C-00087 (Dec. 1, 1993)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Small, Kenneth A. and Kazimi, Camilla, On the Costs of Air Pollution from Motor Vehicles, Journal of Transport Economics and Policy (1995)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2014a), Automated Vehicles Are Probably Legal in the United States, 1 Texas A & M Law Review 411 (2014), http://newlypossible.org
  20. 20.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2014b), Lawyers and Engineers Should Speak the Same Robotic Language, forthcoming in Robot Law (2014), http://newlypossible.org
  21. 21.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2014c), Proximity-Driven Liability, 102 Georgetown Law Journal 1777 (2014), http://newlypossible.org
  22. 22.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2014d), A Legal Perspective on Three Misconceptions in Vehicle Automation, in Sven Beiker and Gereon Meyer, Vehicle Automation, Springer Lecture Notes in Mobility (2014), http://newlypossible.org
  23. 23.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2014e), Something Interest in California's New Automated Vehicle TestingGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2013a), Taxonomy of Regulation (TRB), reprinted in Handbuch Fahrassistenzsysteme (2014)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2013b), The Reasonable Self-Driving Car, http://www.volokh/.com/2013/10/03/reasonable-self-driving-car
  26. 26.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2013c), Automated Vehicles Are Probably Legal in the United States, http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/blog/2013/04/automated-vehicles-are-probably-legal-united-states
  27. 27.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2013d), Planning for the Obsolescence of Technologies Not Yet Invented, http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/blog/2013/10/planning-obsolescence-technologies-not-yet-invented
  28. 28.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2013e), Uncertain Liability, http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/blog/2013/05/uncertain-liability
  29. 29.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2013f), SAE's Levels of Driving Automation, http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/loda
  30. 30.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2012a), Autolaw 3.0, TRB Workshop on Road Vehicle Automation (2012)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2012b), How an (Autonomous Driving) Bill Becomes Law, http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/events/how-autonomous-driving-bill-becomes-law
  32. 32.
    Smith, Bryant Walker (2012c), Driving at Perfection, http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/blog/2012/03/driving-perfection
  33. 33.
    Voltaire, La BégueuleGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Weiner, Gabriel and Smith, Bryant Walker, Automated Driving: Legislative and Regulatory Action, http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/wiki/index.php/Automated_Driving:_Legislative_and_Regulatory_Action
  35. 35.
    Wood, Stephen P., Chang, Jesse, Healy, Thomas, and Wood, John , The Potential Regulatory Challenges of Increasingly Autonomous Motor Vehicles, 52 Santa Clara Law Review 1423 (2012) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editors and the Authors 2015

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bryant Walker Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.University of South Carolina School of LawUSA

Personalised recommendations