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Microbial Systems in Sedimentary Environments of Continental Margins

  • A. Boetius
  • B. B. Jørgensen
  • R. Amann
  • J. P. Henriet
  • K. U. Hinrichs
  • K. Lochte
  • B. J. MacGregor
  • G. Voordouw
Chapter

Abstract

The zone of continental margins is most important for the ocean’s productivity and nutrient budget and connects the flow of material from terrestrial environments to the deep-sea. Microbial processes are an important “filter” in this exchange between sediments and ocean interior. As a consequence of the variety of habitats and special environmental conditions at continental margins an enormous diversity of microbial processes and microbial life forms is found. The only definite limit to microbial life in sedimentary systems of continental margins appears to be high temperatures in the interior earth or in fluids rising from the interior. Many of the catalytic capabilities which microorganisms possess are still only incompletely explored and appear to continuously expand as new organisms are discovered. Recent discoveries at continental margins such as the microbial life in the deep sub-seafloor, microbial utilization of hydrate deposits, highly specialized microbial symbioses and the involvement of microbial processes in the formation of carbonate mounds have extended our understanding of the Earth’s bio- and geosphere dramatically. The aim of this paper is to identify important scientific issues for future research on microbial life in sedimentary environments of continental margins.

Keywords

Continental Margin Sedimentary Environment Particulate Organic Matter Microbial Process Sulfur Cycle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Boetius
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. B. Jørgensen
    • 2
  • R. Amann
    • 2
  • J. P. Henriet
    • 3
  • K. U. Hinrichs
    • 4
    • 5
  • K. Lochte
    • 6
  • B. J. MacGregor
    • 2
  • G. Voordouw
    • 7
    • 5
  1. 1.Alfred Wegener Institut für Polar- und MeeresforschungBremerhavenGermany
  2. 2.Max Planck Institut für Marine MikrobiologieBremenGermany
  3. 3.RCMG University of GentGentBelgium
  4. 4.Woods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods HoleUSA
  5. 5.Hanse — WissenschaftskollegDelmenhorstGermany
  6. 6.Institut für MeereskundeUniversität KielKielGermany
  7. 7.University of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

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