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High Performance Classification of Two Imagery Tasks in the Cue-Based Brain Computer Interface

  • Omid Dehzangi
  • Mansoor Zolghadri Jahromi
  • Shahram Taheri
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4774)

Abstract

Translation of human intentions into control signals for a computer, so called Brain-Computer Interface (BCI), has been a growing research field during the last years. In this way, classification of mental tasks is under investigation in the BCI society as a basic research. In this paper, a Weighted Distance Nearest Neighbor (WDNN) classifier is presented to improve the classification rate between the left and right imagery tasks in which a weight is assigned to each stored instance. The specified weight of each instance is then used for calculating the distance of a test pattern to that instance. We propose an iterative learning algorithm to specify the weights of training instances such that the error rate of the classifier on training data is minimized. ElectroEncephaloGram (EEG) signals are caught from four familiar subjects with the cue-based BCI. The proposed WDNN classifier is applied to the band power and fractal dimension features, which are extracted from EEG signals to classify mental tasks. Results show that our proposed method performs better in some subjects in comparison with the LDA and SVM, as well-known classifiers in the BCI field.

Keywords

Nearest Neighbor Weighted distance Brain-Computer Interface EEG 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Omid Dehzangi
    • 1
  • Mansoor Zolghadri Jahromi
    • 1
  • Shahram Taheri
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computer Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang AvenueSingapore

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