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Plant Traits, Browsing and Gazing Herbivores, and Vegetation Dynamics

  • Christina Skarpe
  • Alison J. Hester
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 195)

Large browsing and grazing herbivores can have a profound influence on the physiognomy, composition, and function of vegetation, from the landscape scale to a single plant (Hobbs 1996; Augustine and McNaughton 1998). By selective foraging among populations of plant modules and genets and along resource gradients, herbivores exert differential pressures on plant populations at different spatial and temporal scales (Kielland and Bryant 1998; Allison 1990; Price 1991; Jia et al. 1995; Danell et al. 2003). In addition, herbivore behavioural costs (predation, shelter seeking, etc.) can strongly influence locational, and therefore foraging, choice (Schmitz 2003; Letourneau and Dyer 2004).

Keywords

Plant Trait Vegetation Dynamics Large Herbivore Catastrophe Theory Mountain Birch 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina Skarpe
    • 1
  • Alison J. Hester
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Forestry and Wildlife ManagementHedmark University CollegeKoppangNorway
  2. 2.CraigiebucklerMacaulay InstituteAberdeen, ScotlandUK

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