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Management of Acute and Late Endocrine Effects Following Childhood Cancer Treatment

  • Megan Oberle
  • Jill L. Brodsky
  • Adda Grimberg
Chapter

Abstract

Advancements in the treatment of pediatric cancer have led to increased survival rates. The majority of adult survivors of pediatric cancers will develop a chronic disease, including endocrine disorders. The type and prevalence of the acute and late endocrine effects of cancer treatment vary widely by cancer type, treatment, and patient characteristics (age, gender, comorbidities). This chapter will describe the endocrine effects of treatment for childhood cancer both during and after treatment by endocrine system. In addition, we will review the current literature on pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the endocrine effects commonly seen in survivors of pediatric cancers.

Keywords

Cancer survivors Pediatric cancer Late effects Acute effects Chemotherapy Cranial radiation Diabetes insipidus Growth failure Thyroid dysfunction Delayed puberty Precocious puberty Fertility preservation Adrenal insufficiency Obesity Bone health 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Megan Oberle
    • 1
  • Jill L. Brodsky
    • 2
  • Adda Grimberg
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Endocrine – PediatricsUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Pediatric EndocrinologyCareMount Medical GroupPoughkeepsieUSA
  3. 3.Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of MedicineUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Diagnostic and Research Growth Center, Division of Endocrinology and DiabetesThe Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaUSA

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