Biodegradable Metals for Orthopedic Applications

Chapter

Abstract

A new round of studies on biodegradable metals from the end of last century has made remarkable progress as magnesium based alloys are now represented in orthopedic implants. The development is introduced in this chapter, including the degradation mechanism and its affecting factors, its bio-functions (promoting osteogenesis, antimicrobial and inhibiting tumor cell survival) and its orthopedic applications (bone fixation, bone substitute, osteomyelitis and Mg coating on bio-inert materials).

Keywords

Biodegradable metal Magnesium alloy Biofunction Orthopedics Antimicrobial Bone substitute Bone fixation Coating Degradation Osteogenesis Tumor 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors thank the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81401773, 31500777), National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (No. 2015AA033701), Key Program of China on Biomaterials Research and Tissue and Organ Replacement (No. 2016YFC1101804), CAS-Croucher Funding Scheme for Joint Laboratories (CAS 14303), Hong Kong RGC Collaborative Research Fund (CRF, C4028-14GF) and Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.2015-ZD01).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ke Yang
    • 1
  • Lili Tan
    • 1
  • Peng Wan
    • 1
  • Xiaoming Yu
    • 1
  • Zheng Ma
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Metal ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina

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