Conducting Summative Evaluation and Research: The Final Stage
- 769 Downloads
In the evaluation planning stage (refer to Chap. 5), the preliminary plans for the summative evaluation were developed. These plans provide a framework to prepare for and carry out the summative evaluation. Research can also be conducted during the final stage. Summative evaluation occurs at a predetermined point in the WBID life cycle, usually when major revisions are no longer taking place and the online course has been used by a large number or percentage of the target population. Its purpose is to determine the value and worth of online instruction. Planning, conducting, and reporting summative evaluation and research comprise the last stage of the WBID Model.
This chapter begins with a description of the purposes of summative evaluation and its main steps, followed by strategies for reporting results.
KeywordsSummative evaluation Research Effectiveness Efficiency Appeal Stakeholders Internal evaluators External evaluators Data collection Data analysis
- Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Fitzpatrick, J. L., Sanders, J. R., & Worthen, B. R. (2011). Program evaluation: Alternative approaches and practical guidelines (4th ed.). Upper Saddle, River, NJ: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
- Gagné, R. M., Wager, W., Golas, K. C., & Keller, J. M. (2005). Principles of instructional design (5th ed.). Belmont CA: Wadsworth/Thomson.Google Scholar
- Gall, M. D., Gall, J. P., & Borg, M. R. (2007). Educational research: An introduction (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
- Hale, J. (2011). Performance-based certification: How to design a valid, defensible, cost-effective program. San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer.Google Scholar
- Johnson, R. B. (1997). Examining the validity structure of qualitative research. Education, 118(2), 282–292.Google Scholar
- Joint Committee on Standards for Educational Evaluation. (2011). Webpage. Retrieved from http://www.jcsee.org/program-evaluation-standards-statements.
- Jolliffe, A., Ritter, J., & Stevens, D. (2012). The online learning handbook: Developing and using Web-based learning. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Ko, S., & Rossen, S. (2017). Teaching online: A practical guide (4th ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Leedy, P. D., & Ormrod, J. E. (2015). Practical research: Planning and design (11th ed.). Harlow: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
- Mills, G. E. (2017). Action research: A guide for the teacher researcher (6th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
- Morrison, G. R., Ross, S. M., Kalman, H., & Kemp, J. E. (2012). Designing effective instruction (7th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
- Patton, M. Q. (2015). Qualitative research & evaluation methods: Integrating theory and practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Palloff, R. M., & Pratt, K. (2007). Building online learning communities: Effective strategies for the virtual classroom (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Rossi, P. H., Lipsey, M. W., & Freeman, H. E. (2004). Evaluation: A systematic approach (7th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Savenye, W. (2004). Evaluating Web-based learning systems and software. In N. M. Seel & S. Dijkstra (Eds.), Curriculum, plans, and processes in instructional design: International perspectives (pp. 309–330). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Tessmer, M. (2009). Writing online training tutorials: A user-friendly guide for designers and trainers. Denver, CO: Center for Innovations in Training Technology.Google Scholar
- Weston, T. J., & Barker, L. (2001). Designing, implementing, and evaluating Web-based learning modules for university students. Educational Technology, 41(4), 15–22.Google Scholar
- Yarbrough, D. B., Shulha, L. M., Hopson, R. K., & Caruthers, F. A. (2011). The program evaluation standards: A guide for evaluators and evaluation users (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar