Is There a Causal Loop Which Avoids a First Cause?

  • Andrew Ter Ern LokeEmail author
Part of the Palgrave Frontiers in Philosophy of Religion book series (PFPR)


I examine whether there exists a causal loop which avoids a First Cause. I distinguish between a causal loop in dynamic and static time and between an open and closed loop, and explain that a dynamic loop and an open loop does not avoid a First Cause. I note that a static closed loop cosmological model has been proposed by Gott and Li (Physical Review D 58:023501–1, 1998), and that we do not have adequate evidence for thinking that such a loop exists. I discuss the Bootstrap Paradox which shows that this type of causal loop is viciously circular and metaphysically impossible.


Causal Loop Vicious Circularity Closed Timelike Curves (CTCs) Metaphysical Considerations Younger Self 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Hong KongHong KongHong Kong

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