Viscosity-Structure Relationship in the CaO-SiO2-MnO-CaF2 Slag for the Production of Manganese Ferroalloys

  • Joo Hyun Park
  • Kyu Yeol Ko
Conference paper


The viscosity of the CaO-SiO2-xMnO-yCaF2 slags (C/S=1.0; x=10, 40%; y=0 to 15%) was measured to clarify the effect of CaF2 on the viscous flow of molten slags at high temperatures. Furthermore, the Raman spectra of the quenched glass samples were quantitatively analyzed to investigate the structural role of CaF2 in a depolymerization of silicate networks. The critical temperature of the slags abruptly increased at 15%CaF2, which was confirmed to originate from a crystallization of cuspidine using XRD analysis. The viscosity of the slags continuously decreased by CaF2 addition in the 10%MnO system, whereas the viscosity of the 40%MnO system was not significantly affected by CaF2 addition. The effect of CaF2 on the viscosity of the slags was quantitatively analyzed using micro-Raman spectra of quenched glass samples accompanying with a concept of silicate polymerization index, Q3/Q2 ratio. A polymerization index continuously decreased with increasing content of CaF2 in the 10%MnO system, whereas it was not affected by CaF2 in the 40%MnO system. Consequently, the bulk thermophysical property of the CaO-SiO2-MnO-CaF2 slags was quantitatively correlated to the structural information.


Viscosity CaO-SiO2-MnO-CaF2 slag Raman spectra Structure Depolymerization 


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Copyright information

© TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joo Hyun Park
    • 1
  • Kyu Yeol Ko
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials EngineeringHanyang UniversityKorea
  2. 2.Metals and Materials Research DepartmentLS-Nikko CopperKorea

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