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Regenerative Engineering of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament

  • Paulos Y. Mengsteab
  • Mark McKenna
  • Junqiu Cheng
  • Zhibo Sun
  • Cato T. Laurencin
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Mechanobiology, Tissue Engineering and Biomaterials book series (SMTEB, volume 21)

Abstract

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, both acute and chronic, are common in sport injuries. The presence of the synovial fluid in the knee joint inhibits the spontaneous healing of the ACL, thus requiring surgical intervention. Although current methods to reconstruct the ACL can stabilize the knee joint, the progression of osteoarthritis is not halted. This chapter describes the current clinical methods to reconstruct an injured ACL and new methods to enhance the healing process. Three therapeutic strategies will be discussed in this chapter on the repair of ACL: (1) single bundle versus double bundle surgical techniques, (2) biodegradable matrices for ACL repair, and (3) biological adjuvants to enhance ACL repair. These strategies are promising clinically translatable methods to allow patients to return to normal activity levels and to alleviate pain and discomfort caused by osteoarthritis.

Keywords

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Posterior Cruciate Ligament Platelet Rich Plasma Tibial Tunnel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paulos Y. Mengsteab
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Mark McKenna
    • 1
  • Junqiu Cheng
    • 2
  • Zhibo Sun
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Cato T. Laurencin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  2. 2.The Raymond and Beverly Sackler Center for Biomedical, Biological, Engineering, and Physical SciencesUniversity of Connecticut HealthFarmingtonUSA
  3. 3.The Institute for Regenerative EngineeringUniversity of Connecticut HealthFarmingtonUSA
  4. 4.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryUniversity of Connecticut HealthFarmingtonUSA
  5. 5.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  6. 6.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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