A study of civic_related learning outcomes and civic engagement needs to take the context in which civic and citizenship education occurs into account. Young people develop their understandings about their roles as citizens in contemporary societies through activities and experiences that take place within homes, schools, classrooms, and the wider community. It is therefore important to recognize that young people’s cognitive and affective_behavioral learning outcomes are potentially influenced by variables that can be located at different levels in a multi_level structure (see Travers, Garden, & Rosier, 1989; Travers, & Westbury, 1989; Scheerens, 1990; Scheerens, & Bosker, 1997).
- Social Capital
- Civic Engagement
- School Climate
- Assessment Framework
- Citizenship Education
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Schulz, W., Ainley, J., Fraillon, J., Losito, B., Agrusti, G. (2016). Contextual Framework. In: IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2016 Assessment Framework. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39357-5_3
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