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Neurobehavioral Comorbidities of Epilepsy: Lessons from Animal Models

  • Andrey MazaratiEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Neurological Disease book series (NSND)

Abstract

Animal models can afford useful insights into the mechanisms of neurobehavioral comorbidities of epilepsy. However, clinical relevance and value of the information that can be extracted from animal studies depend on many factors, including choice of proper models of epilepsy, choice of proper behavioral tasks, and accounting for the presence of multiple concurrent neurobehavioral disorders in the same epileptic animal. This chapter offers an overview of approaches used to examine selected neurobehavioral comorbidities in animal models of epilepsy. Assays used to study spatial and object memory, depression, anxiety, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, psychosis, and autism are described. First, the approaches are presented from a standpoint of single comorbidity, and mechanisms underlying respective epilepsy-associated neurobehavioral abnormalities are discussed. Further, examples are given as to how concurrent neurobehavioral perturbations may influence one another, and therefore how this may affect outcome measures and interpretation of the obtained data. It is suggested that systemic approach, rather than more commonly used isolated approach, offers more clinical-relevant and complete description of multifactorial systems that underlie neurobehavioral comorbidities of epilepsy.

Keywords

Epilepsy Behavior Animal models Cognition Memory Depression Anxiety Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder Psychosis Autism 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author wishes to thank Ms. Katherine Shin, Mr. Nathaniel Shin, and Mr. Don Shin for their creative assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neurology Division, Department of PediatricsDavid Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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