The Patient pp 241-269 | Cite as

Sleep and Dreaming

  • Hoyle Leigh
  • Morton F. Reiser


NREM Sleep Locus Ceruleus Night Terror Delta Sleep Hypnagogic Hallucination 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


Recommended Reading

  1. Biological Rhythms in Psychiatry and Medicine, Public Health Service publication 2088. Washington, DC, National Institute of Mental Health, 1970.Google Scholar
  2. Freud S: The Interpretation of Dreams. This book, published first in German in 1900, has several translations. We would recommend the James Strachey translation, available in paperback (New York, Avon Books, 1965) or in the Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud (London, Hogarth Press; 1973, Vols 4 and 5).Google Scholar
  3. Weitzman ED (ed): Advances in Sleep Research, Vols 1 and 2. New York, Spectrum Publications, 1974 and 1976.Google Scholar


  1. Aserinsky E, Kleitman N: Regularly occurring periods of eye mobility and concomitant phenomena during sleep. Science 118: 223–224, 1953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Curtis GC: Psychosomatics and chronobiology: Possible implications of neuroendocrine rhythms: A review. Psychosom Med 34: 235–256, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Druckner-Colin R, de Gomez-Puyou MT, Gutierrez MC, et al.:Immunological approach to the study of neurohumoral sleep factors: Effects on REM sleep of antibodies to brain stem proteins. Exp Neurol 69:563–575, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Foulkes D: Dream Reports from different stages of sleep. J Abnorm Psychol 65: 14–25, 1962.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Foulkes D, Vogel G: Mental activity at sleep onset. J Abnorm Psychol 70: 231–243, 1965.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Freud S: The Interpretation of Dreams (Strachey J, ed). New York, Avon Books, 1965. (Originally published in 1900.)Google Scholar
  7. Friedman S, Fischer C: On the presence of a rhythmic, diurnal, oral instinctual drive cycle in man: A preliminary report. J. Am Psychoanal Assoc 15: 317–342, 1967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Guyton AC: Textbook of Medical Physiology. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1976, p 734.Google Scholar
  9. Hanada Y, Kawamura H: Sleep—waking electrocorticographic rhythms in chronic cerveau isole rats. Physiol Behav 26: 725–728, 1981.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hartmann E (ed): Sleep and Dreaming. Boston, Little Brown & Co, 1970, p 408.Google Scholar
  11. Hartmann E: The Functions of Sleep. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1973.Google Scholar
  12. Hauri P: The Sleep Disorders. Kalamazoo, Michigan, Upjohn Co, 1977.Google Scholar
  13. Hauri P: Current Concepts: The Sleep Disorders, ed 2. Kalamazoo, Michigan, Upjohn Co, 1982, p 14.Google Scholar
  14. Hobson JA: The sleep—dream cycle: A neurobiological rhythm, in loachim E (ed): Pathobiology Annual. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1975, pp 369–403.Google Scholar
  15. Hobson JA: The Sleep—Dream Cycle and the Single Neuron. Nutley, New Jersey, Roche Laboratories, 1978.Google Scholar
  16. Hobson JA, McCarley RW: The brain as a dream state generator: An activation—synthesis hypothesis of the dream process. Am J Psychiatry 134: 1335–1348, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Jacobs BL, McGinty DJ: Effects of food deprivation on sleep and wakefulness in the rat. Exp Neurol 30: 212–222, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Johnson LC: Psychological and physiological changes following total sleep deprivation, in Kales AA (ed): Sleep Physiology and Pathology. Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1969, pp 206–220.Google Scholar
  19. Jouvet M: Some monoaminergic mechanisms controlling sleep and waking, in Karczmar AG, Eccles JC (eds): Brain and Human Behavior. New York, Springer-Verlag, 1972a, pp 131–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jouvet M: The role of monoamines and acetylcholine-containing neurons in the regulation of the sleep—waking cycle, in Ergebnisse der Physiologie, Vol 64: Neurophysiology and Neurochemistry of Sleep and Wakefulness. Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1972b, pp 166–308.Google Scholar
  21. Kales A: Sleep and dreams. Ann Intern Med 68: 1078, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Kales A, Kales JD: Sleep disorders: Recent findings in the diagnosis and treatment of disturbed sleep. N. Engl J Med 290: 487–499, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kleitman N: Sleep and Wakefulness. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1965.Google Scholar
  24. Moldofsky H, Scarisbrick P: Induction of neurasthenic mussculoskeletal pain syndrome by selective sleep stage deprivation. Psychosom Med 38: 35–44, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Moldofsky H, Scarisbrick P, England R, et al.,Musculoskeletal symptoms and non-REM sleep disturbance in patients with fibrositis syndrome and healthy subjects. Psychosom Med 37:341–351, 1975.Google Scholar
  26. Monnier M, Gaillard JM: Biochemical regulation of sleep. Experientia 36: 21–24, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Morgane PJ, Stern WC: Chemical anatomy of brain circuits in relation to sleep and wake-fulness, in Weitzman EE (ed): Advances in Sleep Research, Vol 1. New York, Spectrum Publications, 1974, pp 1–131.Google Scholar
  28. Rechtschaffen A, Dement W: Narcolepsy and hypersomnia, in Kales A (ed): Sleep: Physiology and Pathology. Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1969, pp 119–130.Google Scholar
  29. Rechtschaffen A, Kales A (eds): A Manual of Standardized Terminology, Techniques and Scoring System for Sleep Stages of Human Subjects, National Institutes of Health publication 204. Washington, DC, US Government Printing Office, 1968.Google Scholar
  30. Roffwarg H, et al.: Ontogenetic development of the human sleep-dream cycle. Science 152:604–619, 1966.Google Scholar
  31. Sours JA, Frumken P, Indermell RR: Somnambulism. Arch Gen Psychiatry 14: 595–604, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Van de Castle RL: Temporal patterns of dreams, in Hartmann E (ed): Sleep and Dreaming Boston, Little Brown & Co, 1970, pp 171–181.Google Scholar
  33. Vogel G, McAbee R, Barker K, et al.: REM pressure and improvement of endogenous depression, in Chase MH, Mitler MM, Walter PL (eds): Sleep Research,Vol 15. Los Angeles, University of California at Los Angeles, Brain Information Service/Brain Research Institute, 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Hoyle Leigh and Morton F. Reiser 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hoyle Leigh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Morton F. Reiser
    • 3
  1. 1.Yale University School of MedicineYale-New Haven HospitalNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Psychiatric Consultation-Liaison and Outpatient ServicesYale-New Haven HospitalNew HavenUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

Personalised recommendations