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Occupational Exposure and Alara

  • Charles S. Hinson
  • Thomas D. Murphy

Abstract

In order to maintain radiation doses to maintenance, contractor and operating personnel as low as are reasonably achievable, it is necessary to provide design features and operating procedures to reduce radiation fields around reactor coolant system components,to reduce the time needed for maintenance operations, to reduce the frequency of such operations, and to reduce the number of people involved in such operations. Plant design features intended to reduce occupational doses during plant operation also serve to lessen personnel doses during the eventual plant decommissioning. Recent recommendations by the NRC Regulatory staff,1 under consideration by the Commission, may require that industry provide additional means to reduce occupational radiation exposure. This paper outlines the regulatory considerations for further controlling doses to personnel at nuclear power plants.

Keywords

Power Reactor Reactor Plant Primary Coolant Regulatory Guide Eddy Current Test 
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References

  1. 1.
    U.S.N.R.C. Commission Paper, SECY 78–415, Further Actions to Control Risks Associated with Occupational Radiation Exposures in NRC-Licensed Activities R. B. MINOGUE, July 31, 1978.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    NUREG-0482, LINDA JOHNSON PECK, Occupational Radiation Exposure at Light Water Cooled Power Reactors 1977, U.S.N.R.C., May 1979.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    SAWOCHKA, S. G., N. P. JACOB, W. L. PEARL, Primary System Shutdown Radiation Levels at Nuclear Power Generating Station EPRI-404–2, December 1975.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    NUREG-0436, Plan for Reevaluation of NRC Policy on Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities U.S.N.R.C., December 1978.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    NUREG/CR-0130, R. I. SMITH, G. J. KONZEK, W. E. KENNEDY, JR., Technology, Safety and Cost of Decommissioning a Reference Pressurized Water Reactor Power Station Report for U.S.N.R.C. by Pacific Northwest Laboratory, June 1978.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles S. Hinson
    • 1
  • Thomas D. Murphy
    • 1
  1. 1.Office of Nuclear Reactor RegulationU.S. Nuclear Regulatory CommissionUSA

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