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Neuronal-glial interactions during development and aging

  • Antonia Vernadakis
Part of the Faseb Monographs book series (FASEBM, volume 3)

Abstract

Integration of the central nervous system is an expression of cerebral homeostasis that is essential for the internal ability of the organism to adapt to its changing environment throughout life. It is generally accepted that neurons undergo no further division after differentiation, whereas glial cells continue to proliferate throughout life. The increase in glial cells with advanced age may reflect a compensatory process of the brain to overcome neuronal loss or neuronal functional changes that may occur with age. Therefore, these neuronal-glial interactions during development and aging may play a key role in the integrative capacity of the brain. One of the mechanisms contributing to brain stability is the blood-brain barrier, which regulates the neuronal-glial microenvironment in the mature organism. Neuronal intercommunication is mediated via neurotransmitter substances and a shift may occur from excitation to inhibition and vice versa in some CNS areas with aging. Studies of some aspects of cholinergic, monoaminergic and amino acid neurotransmission show that their maturational patterns are CNS-area specific and that some neurotransmitter processes decline with advanced age. Glial cells, besides participating in the regulation of extraneuronal environment, are also proposed to be involved in neurotransmission mechanisms in the adult and aging CNS and since they are the major CNS cellular compartment that changes with age they may thus contribute significantly to the maintenance of CNS integrative ability and adaptation with age.—Vernadakis, A. Neuronal-glial interactions during development and aging. Federation Proc. 34: 89–95, 1975.

Keywords

Glial Cell Purkinje Cell Cerebral Hemisphere Choline Acetyltransferase Glial Cell Proliferation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

BuChe

butyrlcholines-terase

AChe

acetylcholinesterase

ChA

choline acetyltransferase

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Copyright information

© Federation of American Societies 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonia Vernadakis
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Psychiatry and PharmacologyUniversity of Colorado School of MedicineDenverUSA

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