Advertisement

Reaction Time and Intelligence

  • Arthur R. Jensen
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 14)

Abstract

Measurements of various parameters derived from different reaction time (RT) paradigms are found to be correlated with psychometric measurements of general mental ability. Such RT-derived measurements, when combined in a multiple regression equation, predict some 50 percent or more of the variance in IQ or This relationship of IQ or g to RT parameters indicates that our standard IQ tests tap fundamental processes involved in individual differences in specific knowledge, acquired skills, or cultural background.

Keywords

Choice Reaction Time Criterion Group Simple Reaction Time Mental Ability Intraindividual Variability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baumeister, A. A., and Kellas, G. Reaction time and mental retardation. In N. R. Ellis (Ed.), International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, Vol. 3. New York: Academic Press, 1968. (a)Google Scholar
  2. Baumeister, A. A., and Kellas, G. Distribution of reaction times of retardates and normals. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1968, 72, 715–718. (b)Google Scholar
  3. Baumeister, A. A., and Kellas, G. Intrasubject response variability in relation to intelligence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1968, 73, 421–423. (c)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berkson, G., and Baumeister, A. A. Reaction time variability of mental defectives and normals. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1967, 72, 262–266.Google Scholar
  5. Chiang, A. and Atkinson, R. C. Individual differences and interrelationships among a select set of cognitive skills. Memory and Cognition, 1976, 4, 661–672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dugas, J., and Kellas, G. Encoding and retrieval processes in normal children and retarded adolescents. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1974, 17, 177–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hick, W. On the rate of gain of information. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1952, 4, 11–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hunt, E. Varieties of Cognitive Power. In L. B. Resnick (Ed.) The Nature of Intelligence. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum, 1976. P. 237–259.Google Scholar
  9. Jensen, A. R. Outmoded theory or unconquered frontier? Creative Science and Technology, 1979, 2, 16–29.Google Scholar
  10. Jensen, A. R., and Munro, E. Reaction time, movement time, and intelligence. Intelligence, 1979, 3, 121–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Keating, D. P., and Bobbitt, B. Individual and developmental differences in cognitive processing components of mental abüity. Child Development, 1978, 49, 155–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McCauley, C., and Dugas, J., Kellas, G., and DeVellis, R. F. Effects of serial rehearsal training on memory search. Journal of Educational Psychology, 1976, 68, 474–481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Oswald, W. D. über Zusammenhange zwischen Informationgescwindigkeit. Alter und Intelligenzstruktur beim Kartensortieren. Psychologische Rundschau, 1971, 22, 197–202.Google Scholar
  14. Posner, M. I. Abstraction and the process of recognition. In G. H. Bower and J. T. Spence (Eds.) The Psychology of Learning and Motivation (Vol. 3). New York: Academic Press, 1969, 43–100.Google Scholar
  15. Snow, R. E., Marshalek, B., and Lohman, D. F. Correlation of selected cognitive abilities and cognitive processing parameters: An explanatory study. Technical Report No. 3., Aptitude Research Project, School of Education, Stanford University, December, 1976.Google Scholar
  16. Sternberg, S. High speed scanning in human memory. Science, 1966, 153, 652–654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Vernon, P. A. Reaction time and intelligence in the mentally retarded. Unpublished paper, 1979.Google Scholar
  18. Wade, M. G., Newell, K. M., and Wallace, S. A. Decision time and movement time as a function of response complexity in retarded persons. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1978, 83, 135–144.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur R. Jensen
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations