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Cross-Talk Between MSCs and Their Environments

  • Thomas P. Lozito
  • Rocky S. Tuan
Chapter
Part of the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine book series (STEMCELL)

Abstract

The mesenchymal stromal/stem cell (MSC) has garnered attention as a promising candidate cell type for cell-based therapeutics, partly, by virtue of its ability to differentiate into a variety of cell types. However, the true therapeutic potential of MSCs may lie in the regulatory influences they exert on their environments. Indeed, as a result of their natural homing response to wound sites, MSCs come into contact with a variety of environments and cell types as they leave their perivascular niches. This chapter describes the interactions between MSCs and four such environmental signals, specifically the vasculature, the extracellular matrix, the immune system, and cancer. In vivo and in vitro studies detailing the effects of MSCs on each are presented, with special attention paid to cases of cross-talk in which MSCs alter the very environmental signals acting upon them. Finally, MSC performance in clinical trials is discussed and compared to expectations based on basic science findings. This chapter also identifies gaps in knowledge and current understandings where future research will prove most effective.

Keywords

Major Histocompatibility Complex Class TReg Cell Vascular Basement Membrane Multipotent Adult Progenitor Cell Perivascular Niche 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

Supported in part by funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Health.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Center for Cellular and Molecular EngineeringUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

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