Advertisement

Anesthesia and Alcohol Addiction

  • Andrew SchwartzEmail author
  • David Knez
Chapter

Abstract

Alcohol has been consumed for tens of thousands of years. Throughout history, it has held major cultural and religious significance. Some ancient cultures revered its use, while others condemned it. Despite its ubiquitous nature and important role in society and religion, drunkenness and excessive alcohol consumption have long been recognized as significant social problems. Biblical and other ancient cultural sources document a history of alcohol abuse and dependence and caution against overindulgence.

Keywords

Alcohol Consumption Retrograde Amnesia Excessive Alcohol Consumption Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome Macrocytic Anemia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Grant BF, Dawson DA, Stinson FS, Chou SP, Dufour MC, Pickering RP. The 12-month prevalence and trends in DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence: United States, 1991–1992 and 2001–2002. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2004;74:223–34.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dick DM, Beirut LJ. The genetics of alcohol dependence. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2006;8:151–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aryal P, Hay D, Senyon C, Slesinger PA. A discrete alcohol pocket involved in GIRK channel activation. Nat Neurosci. 2009;12:988–96.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pletcher MJ, Maselli J, Gonzales R. Uncomplicated alcohol intoxication in the emergency department; an analysis of the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. Am J Med. 2004;117:863.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hines RL, Marschall KE. Psychiatric disease/substance abuse/drug overdose. In: Hines RL, Marschall KE, Stoetling RK, editors. Anesthesia and co-existing disease. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Churchill Livingstone; 2008.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kork F, Neumann T, Spies C. Perioperative managemnt of patients with alcohol, tobacco and drug dependency. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2010;23:384–90.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tonnesen H, Nielsen PR, Lauritzen JB, Moller AM. Smoking and alcohol intervention before surgery: evidence for best practice. Br J Anaesth. 2009;102:297–306.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sorensen LT, Jorgensen T, Kirkeby LT, Skovdal J, Venntis B, Willie-Jorgensen P. Smoking and alcohol abuse are major risk factors for anastomotic leakage in colorectal surgery. Br J Surg. 1999;86:927–31.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Spies CD, Rommelspacher H. Alcohol withdrawal in the surgical patient: prevention and treatment. Anesth Analg. 1999;88:946–54.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lau A, von Dossow V, Sander M, MacGuill M, Lanzke N, Spies C. Alcohol use disorder and perioperative immune dysfunction. Anesth Analg. 2009;108:916–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Spies CD, Nordmann A, Brummer G, Marks C, Conrad C, Berger G, et al. Intensive care unit stay is prolonged in chronic alcoholic men following tumor resection of the upper digestive tract. Acta Anaethesiol Scand. 1996;40:649–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Spies CD, von Dossow V, Eggers V, Jetschmann G, El-Hilali R, Egert J, et al. Altered cell-mediated immunity and increased postoperative infection rate in long-term alcoholic patients. Anesthesiology. 2004;100:1088–100.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Spies C, Eggers V, Szabo G, Lau A, von Dossow V, Schoenfeld H, et al. Intervention at the level of the neurendocrine-immune axis and postoperative pneumonia rate in long-term alcoholics. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2006;174:408–14.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Schoenfeld H, Perke C, Ziemer S, Huebner R, Schink T, Neuner B, et al. The perioperative von Willebrand Factor activity and facto VIII levels among alcohol use disorder patients undergoing total knee or hip replacement. Subst Use Misuse. 2010;45:1216–29.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tonnesen H, Rosenberg J, Nielsen HJ, Rasmussen V, Hauge C, Pedersen IK, et al. Effect of preoperative abstinence on poor postoperative outcome in alcohol misusers: randomized contolled trial. Br Med J. 1999;318:1311–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Spies CD, Sander M, Stangl K, Fernandez-Sola J, Preedy V, Rubin E, et al. Effects of alcohol on the heart. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2001;7:337–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kip MJ, Neumann T, Jugel C, Kleinwaechter R, Weiss-Gerlach E, Mac Guill M, et al. New strategies to detect alcohol use disorders in the preoperative assessment clinic of a German university hospital. Anesthesiology. 2008;109:171–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyMount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.PittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations