Anesthesia and Alcohol Addiction

  • Andrew SchwartzEmail author
  • David Knez


Alcohol has been consumed for tens of thousands of years. Throughout history, it has held major cultural and religious significance. Some ancient cultures revered its use, while others condemned it. Despite its ubiquitous nature and important role in society and religion, drunkenness and excessive alcohol consumption have long been recognized as significant social problems. Biblical and other ancient cultural sources document a history of alcohol abuse and dependence and caution against overindulgence.


Alcohol Consumption Retrograde Amnesia Excessive Alcohol Consumption Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome Macrocytic Anemia 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyMount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.PittsburghUSA

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