HIV Disease

  • C. S. Pitchumoni
  • C. S. Pitchumoni
  • C. S. Pitchumoni
  • Alexander Brun


Gastrointestinal manifestations are commonly present in HIV-infected individuals. In patients with AIDS, symptoms are often caused by opportunistic infections such as Cytomegalovirus, Candida albicans, herpes simplex virus, mycobacterial, fungal, or parasitic infections. Furthermore, common diseases such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, chronic hepatitis, as well as side effects of medications can manifest in any stage of HIV illness. Although the advent of potent antiretroviral therapy has brought about many changes, the global AIDS epidemic continues to afflict older adults, making it an important element in geriatrics. Clinical features, physical examination, and detailed history help narrow the differential, but laboratory, histological, endoscopic, and/or surgical exploration are required for a definitive diagnosis. Treating older adults with HIV is a complex task, requiring close monitoring for drug tolerance, drug interactions, and adverse drug events.


Human Immunodeficiency Virus Herpes Simplex Virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Human Papilloma Virus Acquire Immune Deficiency Syndrome 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. S. Pitchumoni
    • 1
  • C. S. Pitchumoni
    • 2
  • C. S. Pitchumoni
    • 3
  • Alexander Brun
    • 4
  1. 1.Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine, Drexel University School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.New York Medical CollegeVallhalaUSA
  3. 3.Gastroenterology, Hepatology and NutritionSaint Peter’s University HospitalNew BrunswickUSA
  4. 4.Department of Medicine, Division of GastroenterologyNorth Shore-Long Island Jewish Health SystemNew Hyde ParkUSA

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