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The Early Earth's Record of Supposed Extremophilic Bacteria and Cyanobacteria, at 3.8 to 2.5 GA

  • Wladyslaw Altermann
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 11)

The unambiguous evidence for the presence of life in the Archean is only limited by the preservation potential of sedimentary rocks. Throughout Earth’ preserved sedimentary deposits, prokaryotic bodily fossils and geochemical fossils, for example, products of the Calvin-cycle dependent carbon isotopic fractionation, can be found. Nevertheless, irreproducible analyses in organic geochemistry, misinterpretations of artifacts from sample preparation and of organic contaminants, and uncertainties on the age and nature of the Archean rock formations are copious in evaluation of the earliest traces of life.

The understanding of geological processes strongly influence discussions of the ancient, supposed biological relicts from c. 3.8 billion years old (3.8 Ga) metasedimentary rocks. The evidence for prokaryotic bodily preserved microfossils of the Neoarchean, at 2.7 to 2.5 Ga is by orders of magnitude stronger, as rocks of this age are abundant and better preserved.

Keywords

Greenstone Belt Carbonaceous Matter Archean Rock Precambrian Research Petroleum Migration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wladyslaw Altermann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth – and Environmental SciencesLudwig Maximilians University & GeoBioCenterGermany

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