An Analysis of Early Studies Released by the Lung Imaging Database Consortium (LIDC)

  • Wesley D. Turner
  • Timothy P. Kelliher
  • James C. Ross
  • James V. Miller
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4191)


Lung cancer remains an ongoing problem resulting in substantial deaths in the United States and the world. Within the United states, cancer of the lung and bronchus are the leading causes of fatal malignancy and make up 32% of the cancer deaths among men and 25% of the cancer deaths among women. Five year survival is low, (14%), but recent studies are beginning to provide some hope that we can increase survivability of lung cancer provided that the cancer is caught and treated in early stages. These results motivate revisiting the concept of lung cancer screening using thin slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) protocols and automated detection algorithms to facilitate early detection. In this environment, resources to aid Computer Aided Detection (CAD) researchers to rapidly develop and harden detection and diagnostic algorithms may have a significant impact on world health. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) formed the Lung Imaging Database Consortium (LIDC) to establish a resource for detecting, sizing, and characterizing lung nodules. This resource consists of multiple CT chest exams containing lung nodules that seveal radiologists manually countoured and characterized. Consensus on the location of the nodule boundaries, or even on the existence of a nodule at a particular location in the lung was not enforced, and each contour is considered a possible nodule. The researcher is encouraged to develop measures of ground truth to reconcile the multiple radiologist marks. This paper analyzes these marks to determine radiologist agreement and to apply statistical tools to the generation of a nodule ground truth. Features of the resulting consensus and individual markings are analyzed.


Ground Truth Lung Nodule Lung Cancer Screening Vote Method Lung Image Database Consortium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wesley D. Turner
    • 1
  • Timothy P. Kelliher
    • 1
  • James C. Ross
    • 1
  • James V. Miller
    • 1
  1. 1.GE Research CenterNiskayunaUSA

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