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Nanostructured, Self-Assembled Spider Silk Materials for Biomedical Applications

  • Martin Humenik
  • Kiran Pawar
  • Thomas ScheibelEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1174)

Abstract

The extraordinary mechanical properties of spider silk fibers result from the interplay of composition, structure and self-assembly of spider silk proteins (spidroins). Genetic approaches enabled the biotechnological production of recombinant spidroins which have been employed to unravel the self-assembly and spinning process. Various processing conditions allowed to explore non-natural morphologies including nanofibrils, particles, capsules, hydrogels, films or foams. Recombinant spider silk proteins and materials made thereof can be utilized for biomedical applications, such as drug delivery, tissue engineering or 3D-biomanufacturing.

Keywords

Biofabrication Drug delivery Fibers Genetic engineering Recombinant production Self-assembly Spider silk Tissue engineering 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Elite Network of Bavaria (ENB) and TRR 225 C01.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Humenik
    • 1
  • Kiran Pawar
    • 2
  • Thomas Scheibel
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    Email author
  1. 1.Biomaterials, Faculty of Engineering ScienceUniversity of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  2. 2.Blusson Spinal Cord CentreUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  3. 3.Bayreuth Center for Colloids and Interfaces (BZKG)University of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  4. 4.Research Center Bio-Macromolecules (BIOmac)University of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  5. 5.Bayreuth Center for Molecular Biosciences (BZMB)University of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  6. 6.Bayreuth Center for Material Science (BayMAT)University of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  7. 7.Bavarian Polymer Institute (BPI)University of BayreuthBayreuthGermany

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