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Temperate Tree Fruits of North America: Malus Mill., Prunus L., Diospyros L., and Asimina Adans

  • Gayle M. VolkEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

North America has four native temperate tree fruit genera that have played key cultural roles due to their edible fruit and medicinal uses and have also been valuable as hardwood: Malus Mill. (apple), Prunus L. (cherry, plum, peach, etc.), Diospyros L. (persimmon), and Asimina Adans. (pawpaw). Some native North American species of these tree fruit genera also exhibit traits that are desirable for plant breeding targets. This chapter provides summary information about the geographic distribution, phylogenetic and taxonomic relationships, and conservation efforts for North American Malus, Prunus, Diospyros, and Asimina species. North American genebanks maintain vast collections of these genera that are among the largest in the world. Increased representation of North American native tree fruit species within genebanks will ensure global access to key genetic resources for future generations.

Keywords

Malus Prunus Diospyros Asimina Ex situ conservation In situ conservation Genetic resources 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author is grateful to John Preece, Thomas Chao, Karen Williams, Sheri Crabtree, and Neal Peterson for providing collection inventory information. She is also appreciative to Colin K. Khoury, Chrystian C. Sosa, and Julia Sullivan for providing species distribution maps.

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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.USDA-ARS National Laboratory for Genetic Resources PreservationFort CollinsUSA

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