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How to Practice Academic Medicine and Publish from Developing Countries?

A Practical Guide

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  • © 2022

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  • Covers all aspects of academic medicine in developing countries in detail
  • Simplifies learning with the help of easy to follow algorithms and key points
  • Presents relevant figures and illustrations

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About this book

This is an open access book.

The book provides an overview of the state of research in developing countries – Africa, Latin America, and Asia (especially India) and why research and publications are important in these regions. It addresses budding but struggling academics in low and middle-income countries. It is written mainly by senior colleagues who have experienced and recognized the challenges with design, documentation, and publication of health research in the developing world. The book includes short chapters providing insight into planning research at the undergraduate or postgraduate level, issues related to research ethics, and conduct of clinical trials. It also serves as a guide towards establishing a research question and research methodology. It covers important concepts such as writing a paper, the submission process, dealing with rejection and revisions, and covers additional topics such as planning lectures and presentations. 

The book will be useful for graduates, postgraduates, teachers as well as physicians and practitioners all over the developing world who are interested in academic medicine and wish to do medical research.


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Table of contents (49 chapters)

  1. Introduction

  2. Background

  3. How to Plan a Study?

  4. How to Write an Original Research Paper?

Authors and Affiliations

  • Department of Surgical Gastroenterology and Liver Transplantation, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India

    Samiran Nundy

  • Department of Internal Medicine, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India

    Atul Kakar

  • Institute for Global Health and Development, The Aga Khan University, South Central Asia, East Africa and United Kingdom, Karachi, Pakistan

    Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

About the authors

Dr. Samiran Nundy:

Dr Samiran Nundy was a medical undergraduate in Cambridge and Guy's Hospital London and then trained in medicine and later in surgery at Guy's, Addenbrooke’s Cambridge, the Hammersmith and the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. He has taught at the Universities of Cambridge, London and Harvard and returned to the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India in 1975 where he eventually became Professor and Head of the department of Gastrointestinal Surgery. He left AIIMS in 1996 to start the Surgical Gastroenterology and Liver Transplantation department at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi.

Dr Nundy’s clinical and research interests are in the surgical management of diseases of the liver, bowel and pancreas, the quality of Indian medical research and publications, electronic medical records and disseminating health information to lay people via books, television and the web. He has written or edited 37 books and authored 236 research papers. He helped in lobbying for and drafting the Transplantation of Human Organs Act 1995. He has edited The National Medical Journal of India, Tropical Gastroenterology, the Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, and the web application Doctor Raxa and has served on 24 journal editorial boards including the British Medical Journal and The Bhutan Health Journal. He was till recently the Dean of the Ganga Ram Institute for Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, is the editor-in-chief of Current Medicine Research and Practice, co- chairman (with Prof. Zulfiqar Bhutta) of the editorial board of the BMJ South Asia and is on the board of trustees of Sir Ganga Ram Hospital. He has recently been appointed Adviser to the Governor of Meghalaya on how to improve health services in that state and is also the President of AIIMS, Rishikesh, India.  

Dr. Zulfiqar A. Bhutta:

Dr. Zulfiqar A. Bhutta isthe Inaugural Robert Harding Chair in Global Child Health and Inaugural Ibn Sina Scholar in Global Child Health at the Hospital for Sick Children, Canada and co-Director of SickKids’ Centre for Global Child Health, Canada. He is also the Founding Director of the Centre of Excellence in Women and Child Health and the Institute of Global Health and Development at Aga Khan University, across its campuses in South Central Asia, East Africa and United Kingdom. He holds adjunct professorships at universities including Johns Hopkins University, George Washington University  and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.  Dr. Bhutta is a Distinguished National Professor of the Government of Pakistan, co-Chair of the Maternal and Child Health oversight committee of WHO EMRO, Chairman of the Coalition of Centres in Global Child Health, and a leading voice for health professionals supporting integrated maternal, newborn and child health globally.

Dr. Bhutta leads large research groups in Toronto, Karachi and Nairobi with special interests in scaling up evidence-based, community setting interventions and implementation of RMNCAH&N interventions in humanitarian contexts. His work with community health workers influenced maternal and newborn outreach programs for marginalized populations internationally and his group’s work with the WHO and PMNCH is guiding essential global intervention policies for women, children and adolescents.

Dr. Bhutta obtained his MBBS from the University of Peshawar, Pakistan and his PhD from the Karolinska Institute, Sweden. He is a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, the Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health, American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Academy of Sciences, USA. In 2020 he was awarded the honour of Fellowship of the Royal Society, United Kingdom. He was awarded the Roux prize in October 2021, the highest global award for the use of evidence to impact globalpublic health. 

Dr. Atul Kakar:

Dr. Atul Kakar is a graduate from University College of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi, India and has done his post-graduation in internal medicine, Diplomat of National Board. He has been awarded MRCP and FRCP from Royal College of Glasgow. He is an alumni of Ganga Ram Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, New Delhi, India. Currently he is the Vice Chairman and Teaching Coordinator of department of internal medicine, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi. He has also done EULAR certification course in rheumatic diseases and is the Secretary of Delhi Rheumatology Association. His area of interest besides rheumatology, includes HIV medicine. 

Dr. Kakar has been awarded eminent National Board of Examination (NBE) Alumnus Award, Dr. K.C. Mahajan Award for Best Academician and Smt Pawan Kumari Jain Oration Award for the Best Physician by Delhi State Chapter of Associations of Physiciansof India. He is the examiner for Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons, Glasgow, National Board of Examination and Khesar Gyalpo University of Medical Sciences, Bhutan.  

Dr. Kakar has written and edited many books, has 130 publications in national and international journals. He has been involved with many clinical drug trials as the Principal Investigator for rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis and amyloidosis. He is currently the Editor of Current Medicine Research and Practice

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: How to Practice Academic Medicine and Publish from Developing Countries?

  • Book Subtitle: A Practical Guide

  • Authors: Samiran Nundy, Atul Kakar, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Singapore

  • eBook Packages: Medicine, Medicine (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2022

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-981-16-5247-9Published: 24 October 2021

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-981-16-5250-9Published: 24 October 2021

  • eBook ISBN: 978-981-16-5248-6Published: 23 October 2021

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XXXIX, 465

  • Number of Illustrations: 27 b/w illustrations, 137 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Medicine/Public Health, general, Biomedicine, general, Research Skills, Medical Education, Health Care Management

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