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  • Book
  • Open Access
  • © 2022

Transformational Change for People and the Planet

Evaluating Environment and Development

  • Unique insider perspective to evaluation policy and practice in leading international development organizations

  • Learning from top thinkers and practitioners at the forefront of evaluation focusing on environment and sustainable development in an international context

  • Concrete examples from evaluations in the field with clear lessons on how to design and conduct successful sustainable development evaluations

Part of the book series: Sustainable Development Goals Series (SDGS)

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (19 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xix
  2. Transformational Change

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 15-15
    2. Evaluation for Transformational Change: Learning from Practice

      • Indran A. Naidoo
      Pages 17-26Open Access
    3. Transformational Change for Achieving Scale: Lessons for a Greener Recovery

      • Geeta Batra, Jeneen Garcia, Kseniya Temnenko
      Pages 27-38Open Access
  3. Drivers of Sustainability

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 39-41
    2. Sustainability After Project Completion: Evidence from the GEF

      • Neeraj Kumar Negi, Molly Watts Sohn
      Pages 43-57Open Access
    3. Assessing Sustainability in Development Interventions

      • Ellen Fitzpatrick
      Pages 93-103Open Access
  4. Evaluating Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptatio

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 123-125
    2. Using a Realist Framework to Overcome Evaluation Challenges in the Uncertain Landscape of Carbon Finance

      • Callum Murdoch, Lisa Keppler, Tillem Burlace, Christine Wörlen
      Pages 127-143Open Access
    3. Enabling Systems Innovation in Climate Change Adaptation: Exploring the Role for MEL

      • Robbie Gregorowski, Dennis Bours
      Pages 159-172Open Access
    4. Assessing the Evaluability of Adaptation-Focused Interventions: Lessons from the Adaptation Fund

      • Ronnie MacPherson, Amy Jersild, Dennis Bours, Caroline Holo
      Pages 173-186Open Access
    5. Evaluating Transformational Adaptation in Smallholder Farming: Insights from an Evidence Review

      • Laura Silici, Jerry Knox, Andy Rowe, Suppiramaniam Nanthikesan
      Pages 187-202Open Access

About this book

This Open Access book deals with the pressing question of how to achieve transformational change that reconciles development with environmental sustainability. It particularly focuses on the role of evaluation in finding sustainable solutions. Environment and development are closely interlinked, as are human health and ecosystem health. The pandemic that began in 2020 demonstrated in no uncertain terms how destruction of habitats has allowed hitherto unknown pathogens spill over to humans wreaking havoc on people’s lives and livelihoods. We are already seeing the impacts of global climate change in terms of heatwaves, forest fires and increased storms. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) explicitly recognize the equal importance of the social, economic and environmental dimensions of development. In these turbulent times, when humankind faces multiple complex challenges it is essential to know that our responses are effective and that they make a positive difference. Evaluation can provide invaluable lessons to how we design policies, strategies and programs and how we allocate limited resources between competing priorities. This book brings together key thinkers and practitioners from the public and private sectors, from major multilateral organizations and from bilateral donor agencies, to present the latest knowledge and experience on how to evaluate interventions in the nexus of environment and development. The book does not promote any particular approach or methodology, but rather emphasizes the need for mixed methods to address the question at hand in the best and most suitable manner. It covers cases from a variety of fields, from climate change mitigation and adaptation, energy efficiency and renewable energy, natural resources management, biodiversity conservation and more.

This book is not a conference proceedings although it has its roots in the Third International Conference on Evaluating Environment and Development organized by the GEF Independent Evaluation Office in October 2019. The conference brought together a larger number of established and upcoming evaluators, researchers and evaluation users from the Global North and South, representing a wide variety of organizations, to discuss the frontiers of environment and development evaluation. Following the conference, the editors identified and contacted the participants who made key contributions at the conference and asked them to develop their ideas and papers into book chapters according to a coherent plan.     


  • Climate change
  • Environmental management
  • Global policy
  • International organizations
  • Sustainable development
  • Open Access

Editors and Affiliations

  • Independent Evaluation Office, Global Environment Facility, Washington, DC, USA

    Juha I. Uitto, Geeta Batra

About the editors

Juha I. Uitto is Director of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Independent Evaluation Office (IEO). He has more than three decades of experience in international development and environment working in multilateral organizations, academia and as consultant. For the past two decades he has worked as evaluator with the GEF and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) conducting and managing evaluations focusing on the nexus between development and environment. In addition to his fulltime positions, he has served as the Executive Coordinator of the UN Evaluation Group (UNEG) in 2009-12 and again 2014. He currently chairs UNEG Working Group on Integrating Environmental and Social Impact into Evaluations. He has also been a visiting scholar at the Rutgers University, Kyoto University and the University of Montana.

Geeta Batra is Chief Evaluation Officer and Deputy Director at the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Independent Evaluation Office (IEO). She has 25 years of experience in international development and evaluation in the private sector and at the World Bank. For ten years, she worked with the World Bank on private sector operations and advisory services, and over the last fifteen years she has worked as an evaluator-at the IFC heading the global unit for evaluation of advisory services, at the World Bank managing the portfolio of country and corporate evaluations in the Independent Evaluation Group, and with the GEF IEO conducting and managing evaluations focusing on environment interventions. In addition to managerial responsibilities, she continues to publish evaluation findings in journals and World Bank Group Publications.     

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)