Surgical Approaches to the Spine

  • Robert G. Watkins

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Robert G. Watkins
    Pages 1-6
  3. Robert G. Watkins
    Pages 7-11
  4. Uttam K. Sinha, Srinath Samudrala
    Pages 12-18
  5. Ranjeev Singh Bhangoo, H. Alan Crockard
    Pages 19-33
  6. Robert G. Watkins
    Pages 34-41
  7. Robert G. Watkins
    Pages 60-64
  8. Robert G. Watkins
    Pages 65-71
  9. Robert G. Watkins
    Pages 72-78
  10. Robert G. Watkins
    Pages 79-80
  11. Salvador A. Brau
    Pages 81-86
  12. Narayan Sundaresan, Alfred A. Steinberger, Frank Moore
    Pages 87-100
  13. Roger C. Breslau
    Pages 101-106
  14. Robert G. Watkins
    Pages 107-112
  15. Robert G. Watkins
    Pages 113-123
  16. Robert G. Watkins
    Pages 124-126
  17. Robert G. Watkins
    Pages 127-132

About this book


In the years sin~e publication of the Hrst edition of SurgicaL Approaches to the Spine, a revolution has taken place in spinal surgery, Spinal technology has exploded, thereby in­ creasing the need for multiple access sites to the spine. The book was originally written because the spinal surgeon sometimes lacked the ability to approach the spine with the ideal procedure. As a result, spinal problems were often handled with a posterior approach when the treatment theories and biomechanical considerations of the spine dictated an anterior approach. Then John O'Brien and other anterior surgeons began to emphasize the need to perfect the approach so that the ideal operation was provided for each imli­ vidual patient. Through our work over the last 20 years, with surgeons such as Salvador Brau, a spinal access surgeon, surgeons are now dedicated to providing a safe, pain-free approach to the spine. This will ultimately be to the patient's great advantage. Advances in intradiscal dcvices, prostheses, and fusion techniqucs have mandated a safe and effec­ tive anterior approach to the spine. An operation to relieve spinal pain cannot exist if the approach produces more pain than the original problem. This second edition contains chapters on very complicated operations, such as the ap­ proaches to the sacrum and pelvis, the total vertebrectomy, trans clavicular cervicothoraeic approach, and anterior approach to the clivus of CI-C2. It is these major operations that put the patient' s lif~~ in jeopardy and require expertise in the approach.


Wirbelsäulenchirurgie decompression spinal surgery spine spine surgery surgery surgical technique

Authors and affiliations

  • Robert G. Watkins
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Clinical Orthopedic SurgeryUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.St. Vincent’s HospitalLos Angeles Spine Surgery InstituteLos AngelesUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2003
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4612-6508-5
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4613-0009-0
  • About this book